The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



originally in the 16th-18th centuries, the leader of a choral or instrumental choir; in the 19th century, a theatrical, choral, or symphonic conductor. Now the director of a symphony orchestra is called direzher (conductor); of a military band, voennyi direzher (military conductor); and of a choir, khorovoi direzher (choral conductor) or khormeister.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.