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see Nagorno-KarabakhNagorno-Karabakh
, region (1990 pop. 192,000), 1,699 sq mi (4,400 sq km), SE Azerbaijan, between the Caucasus and the Karabakh range. Khankendi or Stepanakert (the capital) and Shusha or Shushi are the chief towns.
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, Azerbaijan.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



a mountain range in the Lesser Caucasus, in Nagorno-Karabakh Autonomous Oblast, Azerbaijan SSR. The Karabakh Range extends from the Terter River to the valley of the Araks, rising to an altitude of 2,725 m at Mount Beiuk-Kirs. It is made up primarily of sedimentary and volcanic rock. Oak forests cover its slopes. It is separated from the Karabakh Upland by the Akera River, which flows along the range’s southwestern slope.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in classic literature ?
In the dark Petya recognized his own horse, which he called "Karabakh" though it was of Ukranian breed, and went up to it.
"Well, Karabakh! We'll do some service tomorrow," said he, sniffing its nostrils and kissing it.
'Armenian Prime Minister Nikol Pashinyan's latest statements regarding Nagorno Karabakh are political adventurism.
Meanwhile, the confrontation between Armenians from Armenia itself and Karabakh Armenians is still growing due to the arrest of the former Armenian President Robert Kocharyan, representative of Karabakh Armenians.
Concerning the proposal of Nagorno-Karabakh to return to the package deal and Armenian rejection, Levon Ter-Petrosyan, the former president of Armenia, stated "we are convinced that an agreement between Karabakh and Azerbaijan over the package solution will not be reached for a long time, perhaps ever.
As it is widely quoted that in 1923, following the Soviet Union's occupation of Azerbaijan, the former gifted Armenians that had been settled in Karabakh before, autonomy within Azerbaijan.
The Iranian ambassador underlined Iran's capacities for settling Karabakh crisis, and said, "Iran attaches great importance to the expansion of all-out ties with its neighboring countries, Azerbaijan Republic in particular, during the post-sanction era."
He said that Karabakh has existed as a state for more than 20 years and can gain more.
Prime Minister Recep Tayyip Erdoy-an recently reiterated Ankara's commitment to settle the Nagorno-Karabakh dispute between Azerbaijan and Armenia, saying that "Karabakh is not just Azerbaijan's problem, but also Turkey's problem."
"For Nagorno Karabakh to go back [to] being [a] part of Azerbaijan, somebody needs to bring back Joseph Stalin, who gave Karabakh to Azerbaijan in 1921 against our will, and the Soviet Union, which forcefully kept Karabakh inside Azerbaijan despite numerous popular appeals to the contrary." (1)
Karabakh is a Turkic name given to the plain between the two rivers by the nomads who migrated here from Central Asia in the eleventh century, and it literally means the Black Garden, while Nagorno is a Russian word meaning Highland.
ISTANBUL, Dec 23, 2010 (TUR) -- Turkish Foreign Minister Ahmet Davutoglu said on Thursday that Turkey supported solution of Upper Karabakh problem on the basis of Azerbaijan's territorial integrity.