Also found in: Dictionary, Wikipedia.


see SakhalinSakhalin
, formerly Saghalien
, island (c.29,500 sq mi/76,400 sq km), off the coast of Asian Russia, between the Sea of Okhotsk and the Sea of Japan; separated from the Russian mainland on the west by the Tatar Strait and from Hokkaido, the northernmost island of
..... Click the link for more information.
, Russia.
The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2013, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved. www.cc.columbia.edu/cu/cup/
Mentioned in ?
References in periodicals archive ?
When we had enough of Shimonoseki, we went from Honshu to Hokkaido, and then to Karafuto. Your life is also drifting along aimlessly.
They then further moved to Hokkaido, the northern extremity of the Japan archipelago, and set temporarily in Karafuto, the northern-most outpost of imperial Japan.
The Japanese administration planned and built cities, roads, and railways in what became the Japanese colony of Karafuto, where fishing, forestry, and timber industries provided jobs for thousands of new settlers from Japan and from the Korean Peninsula, which became an integral part of the Japanese Empire in 1910.
But southern Sakhalin occupied a special place within this empire, one where Soviet society was built from scratch in a cultural environment that could not have been more foreign: the Japanese colony of Karafuto.
A Japanese civic group on Thursday erected on Russia's Sakhalin Island a monument to two Ainu members of a Japanese South Pole expedition early this century who hailed from the island and 20 Karafuto sled dogs that perished in the journey.
Sakhalin, called Karafuto in Japanese, was partly Japanese territory before the end of World War II.
For instance, the Treaty of the Exchange of Karafuto and Chishima in 1875, concluded between Russia and Japan, prompted the two states to settle the national affiliations of the native people in those regions (Egawa et al., 1989:182-183).
While the northern section remained Russian, the Japanese colony of Karafuto was established on the southern part of the island.
Once the Japanese colonists were kicked out of southern Sakhalin (Karafuto, in Japanese) at the end of the war, Russian settlers not only were certain to find work behind a buzzsaw or fishing net, but could depend on an additional stipend for living in the hinterlands, a good eight time zones from Moscow.
and Harosoy Canada Lee Pickett (NC1-2-2) Korea Shirosota PI 84751 Sakhalin Island Karafuto 1 Foreign cultivar First progeny cultivar derived or breeding line from foreign stock (code, Country of used in original release year and growing region origin cross ([dagger]) in parenthesis) ([section]) China Koushurei 235 Daruma Masari (C08, 1951, CJ), Hatsukari (C19, 1959, CJ) Onhoushu Nagaha Jiro (C42, 1961, NJ), Tokachi Shiro (C73, 1961, NJ), Oshima Shirome (C51, 1964, NJ), Tsurukogane (C78, 1984, NJ) Shika 4 Kogane Jiro (C34, 1961, NJ), Wase Kogane (C81, 1964, NJ) Yore Bon Minori (C07, 1961, CJ) Mansoukin Tokachi Shiro (C73, 1961, NJ) Kokuiku 44 Kitahomare (C30, 1980, NJ), Fukunagaha (C16, 1981, NJ) Wase Hadaka Suzumaru (C62, 1988, NJ) U.S.
The southern half of Sakhalin was held by Japan until the end of World War II and called Karafuto. Soviet troops occupied it toward the end of the war and it was later made part of the Soviet Union.
According to a Tokyo-based group which helped to arrange his visit, Maruko was sent to Karafuto (Sakhalin) after being captured by Soviet authorities at the end of World War II.