Karakalpak Republic

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Karakalpak Republic

(kä'rəkŭlpäk`), autonomous republic (1992 pop. 1,312,000), c.61,000 sq mi (158,000 sq km), W Uzbekistan, on the Amu Darya River. NukusNukus
, city (1989 pop. 170,362), capital of Karakalpakstan Republic, W Uzbekistan, in the Khwarazm oasis and on the Amu Darya River. It has alfalfa and food-processing and other light industries, as well as a notable modern art museum.
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 is the capital. The republic comprises parts of the Ustyurt plateau, the Kyzyl Kum desert, and the Amu Darya delta on the Aral Sea. It is the major Central Asian producer of alfalfa; other crops are cotton, rice, corn, and jute. Livestock raising (notably cattle and Karakul sheep) and silkworm breeding are widespread. There are many light industries, and deposits of petroleum and natural gas have been discovered. The population, concentrated in the delta, consists of Turkic-speaking Karakalpaks (31%), Uzbeks (31%), Kazakhs (26%), Turkmens, Russians, and Tatars. The Karakalpaks, known since the 16th cent., when they lived along the lower and middle courses of the Syr Darya River, were partly subjugated by the Kazakhs; they are more closely related to the Kazakhs than the Uzbeks. In the 18th cent. they migrated to their present homeland and in the 19th cent. came under the rule of the khanate of KhivaKhiva, khanate of,
former state of central Asia, based on the Khiva (Khwarazm or Khorezm) oasis along the Amu Darya River. The khanate lay S of the Aral Sea and included large areas of the Kyzyl Kum and Kara Kum deserts. Founded c.
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. The khanate passed under Russian control at the end of the 19th cent. and under Bolshevik control by 1920. The Karakalpak Autonomous Region was formed in 1925 within the Kazakh Autonomous Republic. It became an autonomous republic itself in 1932 and was transferred to the Uzbek SSR (now Uzbekistan) in 1936. The economy and the environment in Karakalpak are deteriorating due to the evaporation of the Aral Sea and misuse of agricultural chemicals.
References in periodicals archive ?
There are streets named after Karakalpakstan and all regions of the country, with houses in the old style, which display unique customs, crafts and lifestyles inherent in each region.
Promising projects on modernization of social, communal, transport infrastructure in Karakalpakstan and other regions of the republic, financing of industrial enterprises and small infrastructure projects, as well as development of regional trade for the total amount of over $1.6 billion are under development.
Until today, cargo clearance and train traffic from Uzbekistan has been carried out through the Keles and Karakalpakstan interstate division points.
The Aralyk structure is located in the Muynak district of the Karakalpakstan Republic in Uzbekistan.
From the blue-tiled mosques of Bukhara to the remote semi-autonomous region of Karakalpakstan, Uzbekistan offers ancient culture and ample opportunity for adventure.
TASHKENT: The Board of Directors of ADB gave approval to a $145 million loan to help improve water supply and sanitation services in the Republic of Karakalpakstan (RK), an autonomous republic in northwestern Uzbekistan.
The Supreme Judicial Council was delegated with the power of assignment for the post and dismissal of judges, except for judges of the Constitutional Court, the Supreme Court of the Republic of Uzbekistan, Chairmen and Vice Chairmen of the Military Court of the Republic of Uzbekistan, courts of the Republic of Karakalpakstan, regions and Tashkent city, as agreed with the President of Uzbekistan.
Some analysts note that, if Russia is displeased with the results of Uzbekistan's presidential succession process, Moscow might attempt to further manipulate Tashkent's domestic affairs by assisting separatists in Karakalpakstan, an autonomous region in western Uzbekistan.
At its height the khanate ruled from eastern Cumania (modern-day West Kazakhstan) to most of Uzbekistan, Karakalpakstan and the Syr Darya river with military confrontation as far as Astrakhan and Khorasan Province, which is now in Iran.
Along with the Ministry of Health of Uzbekistan, and in accordance with WHO advice (8), Medecins Sans Frontieres investigated the efficacy, tolerability, and safety of the shortened regimen in Karakalpakstan, Uzbekistan (9), where rates of second-line drug resistance are high (1) and katG-mediated isoniazid resistance predominates.
So-called "evening museums" will be organized in State Museum of History, State Museum of Timurids History and Karakalpakstan State Museum of Art named after Igor Savitsky.
The area is in the north-western Karakalpakstan province.