The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



(Lactrodectus tredecimguttatus), a poisonous spider. The males and sexually immature females are predominantly black with white-bordered red spots on the abdomen. Maximum length, 2 cm. The karakurt is found in North Africa, Southwest Asia, and Southern Europe. In the USSR it inhabits the southern Ukraine, the deserts and piedmonts of Middle Asia, and the steppe belt from Moldavia to the Enisei.

Feeding primarily on insects, the karakurt does not bite animals or humans unless it is provoked. The bites of the female are highly poisonous. They cause an acute local reaction (gangrene) and, at times, severe poisoning resulting in death. Initially, the victim experiences sharp pain around the area of the bite. The pain gradually spreads throughout the entire body. The victim becomes restless and breaks out in a cold sweat. Other symptoms are cyanosis of the skin, chills, difficulty in breathing, paresis, and coma.

Treatment includes the subcutaneous or intravenous administering of karakurt antitoxin (30–70 ml), as well as the intravenous infusion of painkillers (novocaine, promedol, and camphor), heart medicines (strophanthin), and 10 ml of a 10 percent solution of magnesium sulfate.

It is recommended that sheep graze in pastures where kara-kurts might be encountered. They are least sensitive to the bite.After the sheep trample the spiders, camels, horses, and cattlecan graze in the pasture.


The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
(51) From another perspective to see the perimeter security of Turkey's Consulate General Compoun in Mosul, see Cansu Camlibel and Sebati Karakurt, "ISID tarafindan ele gecirilen Turkiye'nin Musul Baskonsoloslugu" Ensonhaber, 2010, http://www.ensonhaber.com/galeri/isid-tarafindan-ele-gecirilen-turkiyenin-musul-baskonsoloslugu (Accessed on 4 April 2016).
"Turkey's Ebrar Karakurt made the list of players to have scored 30 points or more in a single match," the FIVB said in their official website.
Karakurt, Dual-channel fluorescent probe based on bisphenol A-rhodamine for Zn2+ Hg2+ through different signaling mechanisms its bioimaging studies, Sens.
(Kocyigit and Ozhatay 2006; Ayan 2015; Tuzlaci 2016) (Polat 2010; Korkmaz and Karakurt 2014) (Karci 2013) (Guler et al.
Esto muestra como los comportamientos del dependiente emocional reflejan la vision que tiene de si mismo como persona necesitada afectivamente (Guzman & Contreras, 2012; Karakurt, 2012; Urbiola & Estevez, 2015), pero que no tiene la certeza de que exista otro que pueda satisfacerle esas necesidades sino que por el contrario podria ignorarlas (Bodner, Bergman & Cohen-Fridel, 2014; Lemos et al., 2012; Lemos & Londono, 2006; Porter & Chambless, 2014; Wang et al., 2014).
La violencia de pareja es un problema social y de salud publica que aqueja a la poblacion colombiana (Instituto Nacional de Medicina Legal y Ciencias Forenses 2014; Profamilia-Ministerio de Salud 2016), al igual que a mujeres y hombres en otras naciones (Karakurt et al.
Cilli A, Erdem H, Karakurt Z, Turkan H, Yazicioglu-Mocin O, Adiguzel N, et al.
(31.) Gulec H, Lut T, Gulec MY, Turhan M, Karakurt G, Zengin M, et al.
Posee actividad antibacterial, antiinflamatoria y analgesica (Ebrahimzadeh et al., 2008; Karakurt et al., 2013).