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the language of the Karelians, related to the Balto-Finnic subgroup of the Finno-Ugric languages. It is spoken by 92, 000 persons in the USSR (1970 census). Karelian is divided into three dialects: Karelian, Livonian (or Olonets), and Lude. The Karelian dialect is close to Finnish.

The main features of Karelian are the presence in the phonemic inventory of the voiced b, d, g, and z, the fricatives s and i, and the affricate č (tš), and the presence of vowel harmony, opposition between short and long vowels, and consonant graduation. The morphological system is agglutinative, and derivation is accomplished by means of suffixes. The oldest text in Karelian dates from the 13th century. The Finnish Karelian epic Kalevala was published by E. Lonnrot in 1835 (32 runes) and in 1849 (50 runes). The Karelians began using the Russian and Finnish writing systems in the mid-20th century.


Makarov, G. N. “Karel’skii iazyk.” In Iazyki narodov SSSR, vol. 3.Moscow, 1966. Pages 61–80.
References in periodicals archive ?
The diamond prospectivity of the Karelian Craton is indicated by presence of the world class Lomonosova and Grib Pipe diamond deposits in the Russian Sector of the Craton.
In addition to their small numbers, there were other Finns who crossed over into Karelia in the 1920s and 1930s (or "border hoppers"), but the two largest ethnic groups there were native Karelians and Russians, whose numbers would continue to increase as a result of migration from other parts of the Soviet Union.
Although there are cases where the Karelian burl can be completely burled in the full length up to 10 feet, that is very seldom.
This is the context for Alexey Golubev and Irina Takala's new book on Karelian Fever.
During the first phase of the project having lasted from September 2010 until July 2011, the terminology of ten subjects was created in five Finno-Ugric languages: in the two official Mordovian languages (officially called Erza and Moksha), in Mari (Cheremis), Komi (Zyrjen) and Udmurt (Votjak) languages (unfortunately and hopefully only temporarily the Karelian language could not be included in this work).
Two-thirds of Karelian birch burl, koa and ziricote I'm not sure I would let in my house, but when these woods are 'on,' nothing can touch them," he said.
Karelian went to the lead at the start, with Gio Ponti in touch, third along the rail.
The trio's music is a mix of Finnish, Russian and Karelian cultures played on traditional instruments, including 5-, 10- and 32-stringed kantele harps, mandolin, accordion and wind instruments including flutes, goat horn and birch bark trumpet.
Karelian children and their mothers living in Finland are more likely to be atopic than are Karelian children living in Russia.
Five of the studies are based in central Helsinki or its suburbs, four in Jyvaskyla, a principal town of the central interior, and two in the Karelian town of Vyborg, now in Russia, in a region disputed over the centuries among Sweden, Russia and Finland.
Information about the donors will be available to Russian patients at the Karelian foundation of donors of hemopoietic stem cells.