Karens


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Karens

(kərĕnz`), members of a Thai-Chinese cultural group, one of the most important minorities in Myanmar, living in the Kayah StateKayah State
, formerly Karenni State
, state (1983 pop. 168,355), 4,506 sq mi (11,671 sq km), E Myanmar, on the Thai border. Loikaw is the capital. The terrain is mountainous and is traversed by the Thanlwin (Salween), the principal river.
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, Kayin State, TanintharyiTanintharyi
, formerly Tenasserim
, region (1983 pop. 917,628), 21,297 sq mi (55,159 sq km), extreme S Myanmar. Dawei (Tavoy), the capital, and Myeik (Mergui) are the chief towns.
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, and the Ayeyarwady delta. They form 7% of Myanmar's population. The Karen hill tribes have tended to remain animistic, but among those settled in the plains there are about many Buddhists and Christians. The Karens speak the Karen languages of the Sino-Tibetan family. They are mostly farmers, but Karen tribespeople were superior soldiers in the military units raised in Myanmar under British rule.

A major unifying element among the Karens is a strong opposition to Burmese political domination. Their revolt (1948–49) against the union government aimed at separation from Myanmar. They scored important successes, and the government was forced to grant the Karenni State (later Kayah State) a large measure of autonomy. The Karens continued their rebellion through the 1990s, by which time, however, there were only an estimated 4,000 active guerrillas. Between 1995 and 1997 the Karen rebels suffered setbacks when government forces mounted significant offenses against them. Apparently promising negotiations in 2004 ultimately failed, and new offensive operations followed. Negotiations in 2011, however, led to a cease-fire that was signed by both sides in 2012.

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References in periodicals archive ?
In Kayin State, the Democratic Karen Buddhist Army, which broke from the KNU in mid 1990s, has been told to recruit more soldiers.
Administrative subdivisions: The country is divided into seven primarily Burman ethnic divisions (tain): Irrawaddy, Bago (Pegu), Magway, Mandalay, Yangon (Rangoon), Sagaing, and Tanintharyi (Tenassarim) and seven ethnic states (pyi nay): Chin State, Kachin State, Kayin (Karen) State, Kayah (Karenni) State, Mon State, Rakhine (Arakan) State, and Shan State.
Armed opposition is confined to the three ethnic groups that operate along Burma's border with Thailand: the Shan State Army, whose armed strength probably is below 5,000; the Karen National Union (KNU) with an armed strength estimated at 4,000-6,000; and the Karenni National Progressive Party, with an armed strength estimated at several hundred.
Among the Karen community in particular, the regime's re-naming exercise is widely resented, and very few of the author's acquaintances are happy to be referred to by the official exonym, "Kayin".
Use of the term Karens is not meant to suggest that the Karens are a frozen, or fixed, people.
He was arrested with the warrant issued by KNU in August last year said the Karen sources.
To explain what we mean by this, and why a study of moral authorities through the ethical turn might complement rather than obfuscate questions of state violence and perhaps complicate rather than resist research on the suffering subject, we refer here to Chambers' fieldwork among Plong (or Pwo) Karen Buddhists in Hpa-an, the capital of Kayin (or Karen) State.
(6) It is possible that Myanmar's ethnopolitical organisations could employ the strategies of the global Indigenous Peoples' movement in order to peacefully pursue their goals: some groups from Myanmar, such as the Karen National Union (KNU) and Chin National Front (CNF), have attempted to join the international Indigenous Peoples' movement by making their presence known at the United Nations, but those groups have had relatively limited success in leveraging their Indigenous status.
And sisters Karen and Tracey want to lose weight for a holiday in three months' time.
The high altitude Nyahururu Sports Club course is where the action is this weekend, as the par 72 course which was the venue last weekend of the John Kieru Thanksgiving event, hosts the third edition of Panari Group Corporate tournament.This being a long weekend, the event has attracted a huge field of 168 golfers drawn from as far away as Machakos, Vet Lab, Karen, Ruiru, Nakuru, Njoro, Nyeri and Nanyuki among others.
Karens are known for their hospitality and friendliness, which they willingly extend to everyone, as well as for their energetic and jubilant festival dances and colorful traditional clothing.
While robust scholarship regarding the topic exists in literatures such as business marketing, tourism, and hospitality management, the public administration literature about the topic is developing (Braun, 2008; Braun, Eshuis & Klijn, 2014; Eshuis & Edwards, 2012; Eshuis, Klijn & Braun, 2013; Eshuis, Klijn & Braun, 2014; Eshuis & Klijn, 2012; Fay & Zavattaro, 2016; Karens et al, 2016; Waeraas, Bjorna & Moldenaes, 2015; Zavattaro, 2012; Zenker & Seigis, 2012).