Karim Khan, Muhammad

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Karim Khan, Muhammad

 

Born 1704 or 1705; died 1779. Founder of the Zand dynasty in Iran.

Karim Khan ruled as regent from 1760 to 1779. After putting an end to internecine feudal strife, Karim Khan united the country for a time and fostered the development of Iran’s economy and foreign trade. In Shiraz, which he proclaimed as the capital in 1760, a palace, mosque, bazaar, caravansary, and other buildings were constructed.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.