Karkhaneh

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Karkhaneh

 

large workshops producing weapons, cloth, and clothing in Persia and Azerbaijan in the Middle Ages and the modern period.

In the karkhaneh of the 13th century, which belonged person-ally to the sovereign or to his relatives, mainly slave labor wasused. In the early 14th century, under Ghazan Khan (ruled from1295 to 1304), the workers in the karkhaneh received some economic independence. In the Safavid state, particularly in the17th and early 18th centuries, free artisans paid by the govern-ment worked in the karkhaneh. Under the Safavids, there werestate karkhaneh and karkhaneh attached to the courts of local rulers. The role of the karkhaneh later declined and their num-ber decreased. In the 19th century the term came to be used forthe first factories in Persia.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
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(10.) Roohipoor R, Sharifian E, Ghassemi F, Riazi-Esfahani M, Karkhaneh R, Fard Ma, et al.
Karkhaneh et al., "Clinical trials of meditation practices in health care: characteristics and quality," Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine, vol.
(13.) Riazi-Esfahani M, Alizadeh Y, Karkhaneh R, Mansouri MR, Kadivar M, Nili Ahmadabadi M, Nayeri F Retinopathy of Prematurity: Single versus Multiple-Birth Pregnancies.
Zohreh Borzooy [1], Adrian Streinu-Cercel [2],*, Abbass Mirshafiey [3], Azam Khamseh [4], Masoud Karkhaneh Mahmoudie [5], Shadi Sadat Navabi [6], Marjan Nosrati [7], Zahra Najafi [8], Mostafa Hosseini [9], Seyed Mohammad Jazayeri [10]
Karkhaneh R1 Mousavi SZ Riazi-Esfahani M Ebrahimzadeh SA Roohipoor R Kadivar M et al.
While it was possible to speculate that Alawi was on a rescue mission of his own to revive ongoing talks between Iran and the P5+1, talks that apparently were "back to zero" according to the head of Iran's parliamentary nuclear committee Ebrahim Karkhaneh, Alawi may have also been on a GCC mission to lobby Rouhani.
(5) Karkhaneh R, Naeeni M, Chams H, Abdollahi M, Mansouri MR.
(10.) Karkhaneh M, Rowe BH, Saunders LD, Voaklander D, Hagel B.