Karl Doenitz

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Doenitz, Karl


Born Sept. 16, 1891, in Griinau, near Berlin. Military naval leader of fascist Germany. Grand admiral (1943).

From 1936 to 1943, Doenitz was commander of the submarine fleet, and beginning on Jan. 30, 1943, he was commander in chief of the entire navy. On May 1, 1945, in accordance with the will and testament of A. Hitler, he replaced the latter as reichschancellor and supreme commander in chief. From May 2 to May 5, Doenitz formed a new “imperial government” in Murwick-Flensburg, and by means of a partial surrender to the Western powers he attempted to preserve the remnants of the army, which was retreating from the Eastern Front. On May 23 he was arrested by the British authorities and in October 1946 was sentenced by the International Military Tribunal in Nuremberg to ten years in prison as a war criminal. In 1956, Doenitz was freed; he engaged in profascist activity in the Federal Republic of Germany.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
We revealed British troops had arrested members of the German High Command and that Karl Doenitz's short-lived government had been dissolved.
The former Liberian leader is the first head of state, after Germany's Admiral Karl Doenitz (who was convicted by the Nuremburg court after the Second World War) to be convicted by an international court for war crimes and crimes against humanity.
The struggle reached its climax in the spring of 1943, March to May, when Allied antisubmarine efforts sank a record number of U-boats and forced Admiral Karl Doenitz to withdraw his submarine force from the mid-Atlantic.
Shortly after World War Two, Grand Admiral Karl Doenitz was the first German president put on trial.
The tool the German Navy used was its U-boat arm, commanded by Admiral Karl Doenitz. Doenitz saw the problem very clearly.
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Germany's Karl Doenitz signed a piece of paper that said "Onkel" and the war in Europe was over.
A day later, Germany declared war on America, and Germany's Admiral Karl Doenitz dispatched five Type IX U-boats to see what devastation they might reap on American shipping around New York.
Nazi Admiral Karl Doenitz responds by forbidding subs to rescue enemies, a crime he will be charged with in the Nuremberg Trials.
Thus Ludendorff is raised to the nobility as "von," Hugo von Pohl in 1914 is listed as the High Sea Fleet's chief of staff rather than as Chief of the Admiralty Staff in Berlin, Karl Doenitz is cited as a World War I "destroyer captain," and German diplomatic and naval files are situated at Koblenz rather than at Berlin and Freiburg, respectively.
BEFORE he shot himself in his Berlin bunker in April, 1945, Adolf Hitler wrote in his last will and testament that German Navy chief Grand Admiral Karl Doenitz was to succeed him.
1387: Birth of Henry V; 1777: Birth of banker Nathan Mayer Rothschild; 1858: Birth of criminal law advocate Sir Edward Marshall Hall; 1891: Birth of German Grand Admiral Karl Doenitz; 1929: Albert Geldard, aged 15 years 158 days, became the youngest Football League player appearing for Bradford Park Avenue v Millwall; 1966: Resolution , Britain's first polaris submarine, launched; 1977: Death of Maria Callas.