Karl Gutzkow

(redirected from Karl Ferdinand Gutzkow)
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Gutzkow, Karl


Born Mar. 17. 1811, in Berlin; died Dec. 16, 1878. in Sachsenhausen, near Frankfurt am Main. German author, public figure, head of the Young Germany literary movement. Son of a prince’s servant.

Gutzkow studied theology and philology at the University of Berlin. He was a bourgeois liberal and edited the journal Telegraph für Deutschland (1838–42), in which the young F. Engels participated. Breaking with the school of German romanticism, Gutzkow wrote the novels Malta-Guru, the History of a God (1833) and Doubting Wally (1835), in which he affirmed the idea of the “emancipation of the flesh.” In the multivolume epic The Knights of the Spirit (1850–51; Russian translation, 1871) the task of struggling for social harmony was placed on the shoulders of the intelligentsia. Gutzkow’s plays Werner (1842; Russian translation, 1842) and Pugachev (1847; Russian translation, 1918) introduced the social theme to German literature. However, the tragedy Uriel Acosta (1847; Russian translation, 1872. 1955), dedicated to the 17th-century thinker who fought against religious oppression, is the only one of his works that remains in the repertoire of world theaters.


Ausgewählte Werke, vols. 1–12. Leipzig [1908].
In Russian translation:
P’esy. Moscow, 1960.


Marx, K., and F. Engels. Ob iskusstve, vol. 2. Moscow, 1967. (See index of names.)
Dymshits, A. [Afterword.] In K. Gutzkow. Uriel’ Akosta. Moscow, 1955.
Maenner, L. Karl Gutzkow und der dramatische Gedanke. Munich-Berlin, 1921.
Dobert, E. W. Karl Gutzkow und seine Zeit. Bern-Munich. 1968. (With bibliography.)


The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
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