Karl Haushofer


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Haushofer, Karl

 

Born Aug. 27, 1869, in Munich; died Mar. 13, 1946, in Paehl, near Weilheim. German political geographer.

Haushofer became a professor at the University of Munich in 1921. He was the leading exponent of the geopolitical school of German fascism and headed a number of fascist scholarly and political organizations. Haushofer’s version of geopolitics, which drew on the ideas of F. Ratzel and R. Kjellen, became part of the official doctrine of the Third Reich. In his works, Haushofer indiscriminately combined geographic determinism, race theory, social Darwinism, and the notion of the state as a biological organism. He considered geopolitics a guide for political practice and provided a justification for fascist aggression by arguing that Germany lacked sufficient Lebensraum, that its borders were unsatisfactory, and that it had an excessive population density.

WORKS

Geopolitik des Pazifischen Ozeans. Berlin, 1924.
Bausteine zur Geopolitik. Berlin, 1928. (Coauthor.)
Erdkunde, Geopolitik und Wehrwissenschaft. Munich, 1934.
Grenzen in ihrer geographischen und politischen Bedeutung. Heidelberg, 1939.

A. S. ZAVAD’E

References in periodicals archive ?
The Demon of Geopolitics: How Karl Haushofer "Educated" Hitler and Hess, by Holger H.
Herwig, professor emeritus at the University of Calgary, has written an important book that examines arguably the most important figure in the German school of geopolitics: the enigmatic Karl Haushofer (1869-1946).
En el ambito academico, la geopolitica, esa "ciencia" incubada por Karl Haushofer, ha quedado rebasada y la busqueda del "espacio vital" por las naciones resulta un concepto anacronico.
Accepted historical conventions surrounding the evolution of Hitler's imperialist ideology, for example, continue to perpetuate a number of myths about the role played by geopolitics, or Geopolitik, and its best-known proponent, General Karl Haushofer (1869-1946).
Where Mackinder and Nazi theorists like Karl Haushofer focused on the Eurasian heartland, the Dutch-born American Nicholas Spykman argued that projecting maritime power from the rimland built on advantages geography provided the United States.
Practicamente desde su ingreso como docente de la Universidad de Munich, Karl Haushofer integro diversos postulados que, a su juicio, formaban parte de la Geopolitik en innumerables libros y trabajos de investigacion publicados durante los 20 anos que duro su vida academica, misma que abarco de 1919, ano en que ingreso al recinto universitario, a 1939, cuando se retiro de el.
McDougall invoked history and the wisdom of classical geopolitical theorists, such as Karl Haushofer, Halford Mackinder, and Alfred Thayer Mahan, to show that the most successful grand strategies have been based on sea power and maritime supremacy.
In Germany, its origins lay in the work of Friedrich Ratzel, but its most famous exponent was a professor of geography at Munich University, Karl Haushofer.
Kaplan dissects the geopolitical articulations of Halford Mackinder (of the Heartland), the less known German Karl Haushofer, our own Alfred Thayer Mahan, the Dutch American Nicholas Spykman (and his Rimlands), and the Austrian emigre Robert Strausz-Hupe (former U.
Europa ha pasado de la ocupacion militar sovietica a convertirse en el prospero patio trasero de la potencia global de la Americanosfera, por ello actualmente sus invasores dicen ser sus aliados, pese a las reticencias de Alemania, Francia y Rusia --cuyo fin estrategico deberia ser un eje de resistencia euroasiatica-- como previno el estudioso de la geopolitica Karl Haushofer.
Its technical nature should not discourage readers from continuing to an excellent summary of the concepts, role, and significance of Karl Haushofer and his geopolitics.
While the first school largely disappeared with the demise of the Third Reich and General Karl Haushofer, the second school remains--and, as Fettweis clearly points out, has many different variants.