Karl Kraus


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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Kraus, Karl

 

Born Apr. 28, 1874, in Gitschin, now Jičín, Czechoslovakia; died June 12, 1936, in Vienna. Austrian writer, publicist, and philologist.

In 1897, Kraus wrote a satirical lampoon, “Destroyed Literature,” against the Viennese decadents. He published and edited the journal Die Fackel (1899–1936), in which he carried on polemics with bourgeois philosophical, political, and aesthetic ideas. He published many essays and articles on literature and language and collections of satirical feuilletons and aphorisms about international and Austrian life. His major work was the philosophical antiwar drama The Last Days of Mankind (1918–19). In his lampoon “The Invincible Ones” (1928), Kraus glorified the Viennese workers who, in the summer of 1927, stormed a reactionary law court. Kraus’ verse, written in the spirit of Goethe’s philosophical lyric poetry, often approached the impressionist poetry of C. Morgenstern and D. von Liliencron. His style is filled with metaphors and contrasts.

WORKS

Werke, vols. [1–9]. Munich, 1955–61.

REFERENCES

Iggers, W. A. Karl Kraus: A Viennese Critic of the Twentieth Century. The Hague, 1967. (Bibliography, pp. 230–45.)
Engelmann, P. Dem Andenken an Karl Kraus. Vienna [1967].
Kuhn, C. Karl Kraus als Lyriker. Paris, 1968.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Karl Kraus was the son of a wealthy Viennese paper merchant.
One of the delights of Dekker's book is his impressive ability to tease out links between the ideas of the Austrian economists and the work of literary figures like Joseph Roth and Hermann Broch, philosophers like Wittgenstein, psychologists like Freud, social critics like Karl Kraus, and medical scientists like Joseph Dietl.
While Franz Kafka "could not stand her," another Jewish writer Karl Kraus said she was "the most wayless phenomenon of modern Germany." In any case, the poetess was a diligent letter writer.
One of the greatest Austrian writers ever, Karl Kraus, said a true Viennese is chiseled from slime.
Karl Kraus died on the A487 at Penparc, Cardigan, at around noon on Sunday, June 18.
Dans cette periode charniere, il faisait une rencontre majeure avec Karl Kraus, un intellectuel polemiste qui a laisse une empreinte dans son parcours.
In his preface to Bambi's Jewish Roots and Other Essays on German-Jewish Culture, expert on German Jewish culture Paul Reitter provides an intriguing explanation of how he came to write a number of nonacademic (but intellectually oriented) review essays, noting that, among other reasons, the kinds of journalistic impulses he was studying for his dissertation on Karl Kraus motivated him to try his own hand at the genre.
A 1921 vintage advertisement from the Easier Nachrichten (Basler News) touting sightseeing trips to the onetime bloody trenches of Verdun, France, accompanied by an audio recording of Karl Kraus's polemical response, "Reklamefahrten zur Holle" (Promotional Trips to Hell), from the same year, provided a needed if slightly disproportionate tangent to the other works in this exhibition.
Jonathan Franzen has translated"Spring Awakening," by the fin-de-si'e8cle German dramatist Frank Wedekind, and the essays of Viennese satirist Karl Kraus. Lydia Davis alternates between French translation and her own writing.
The Kraus Project: Essays by Karl Kraus. Translated and annotated by Jonathan Franzen.