Karl Lamprecht

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Lamprecht, Karl

 

Born Feb. 25,1856, in Jessen; died May 10, 1915, in Leipzig. German historian of the liberal positivist school. Professor at the University of Leipzig from 1891.

Lamprecht’s first major work, Economic Life of Germany in the Middle Ages (1885–86), placed him among the leading German historians. In treating the socioeconomic history of Germany, Lamprecht’s starting point was essentially the patrimonial estate theory, although he also ascribed much importance to the Mark (commune). In his multivolume German History (1891–1909) he sought to provide a comprehensive picture of the development of the German people, emphasizing the history of culture in the broad sense, including economics and social relations. His criticism of the methodological principles of the Ranke school stimulated methodological discussions among German historians in the 1890’s.

Lamprecht interpreted the historical process as a lawlike evolutionary development, primarily taking the form of cultural progress as embodied in the nation. Maintaining that the collective and not the individual must be the object of study, he considered the development of the social psyche to be the primary moving force of history. According to Lamprecht, the historically changing types of social psyche determine the character of different periods in the history of culture. He offered his theory of the “cultural-historical era” as an alternative to the Marxist category of the “socioeconomic formation.” Lamprecht gave ideological support to the imperialist expansion of the German Empire and was active in the Pan-German League.

WORKS

Deutsches Wirtschaftsleben im Mittelalter, vols. 1–3. Leipzig, 1885–86.
Deutsche Geschichte, vols. 1–12. Berlin, 1891–1909. Supplement, vols. 1–3: Berlin, 1902–04.
In Russian translation:
Istoriia germanskogo naroda, vols. 1–3. Moscow, 1894–96.

REFERENCE

Danilov, A. I. Problemy agrarnoi istorii rannego srednevekov’ia v nemetskoi istoriografii kontsa XIX-nach. XX vv. [Moscow, 1958.]

A. I. DANILOV

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
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Nao resta duvida de que Thomas Carlyle, Johann Gustav Droysen, Ernst Bernheim, Wilhelm von Humboldt, Theodor Mommsen, Karl Lamprecht, George Macaulay Trevelyan, Burckhardt, Leopold von Ranke e Thomas Buckle sao altamente representativos do momento de definicao de um novo campo do saber, em que ocorreu um verdadeiro renascimento dos estudos sobre o passado, na virada do Iluminismo para o Romantismo, por meio de um dialogo fecundo com o historicismo, no qual a reivindicacao da pesquisa e da critica de fontes originais se coadunou com a formulacao de principios teoricos e metodos de abordagem, que conferiram um carater cientifico a historia (MARTINS 2010, p.
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Deslumbrado com Florenca e com a arte renascentista, Warburg decidiu estudar historia da arte na Universidade de Bonn, onde foi aluno do historiador das religioes Hemann Usener (1834-1905), do historiador social Karl Lamprecht (1856-1915) e do historiador da arte Carl Justi (1832-1912), figuras de destaque no cenario academico alemao de fins do seculo XIX.
62), estudos como o de Middel (2005) mostram que a partir da decada de 1950 homens como Walter Markov e Manfred Kossok desenvolviam ali sofisticados estudos de historia comparada--na boa tradicao da Universidade de Leipzig, cujas origens sabidamente remontam a Karl Lamprecht. A reunificacao, em 1989, significou uma pa de cal sobre esta incipiente historiografia marxista renovada.