Karl Lamprecht

Also found in: Wikipedia.
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Lamprecht, Karl


Born Feb. 25,1856, in Jessen; died May 10, 1915, in Leipzig. German historian of the liberal positivist school. Professor at the University of Leipzig from 1891.

Lamprecht’s first major work, Economic Life of Germany in the Middle Ages (1885–86), placed him among the leading German historians. In treating the socioeconomic history of Germany, Lamprecht’s starting point was essentially the patrimonial estate theory, although he also ascribed much importance to the Mark (commune). In his multivolume German History (1891–1909) he sought to provide a comprehensive picture of the development of the German people, emphasizing the history of culture in the broad sense, including economics and social relations. His criticism of the methodological principles of the Ranke school stimulated methodological discussions among German historians in the 1890’s.

Lamprecht interpreted the historical process as a lawlike evolutionary development, primarily taking the form of cultural progress as embodied in the nation. Maintaining that the collective and not the individual must be the object of study, he considered the development of the social psyche to be the primary moving force of history. According to Lamprecht, the historically changing types of social psyche determine the character of different periods in the history of culture. He offered his theory of the “cultural-historical era” as an alternative to the Marxist category of the “socioeconomic formation.” Lamprecht gave ideological support to the imperialist expansion of the German Empire and was active in the Pan-German League.


Deutsches Wirtschaftsleben im Mittelalter, vols. 1–3. Leipzig, 1885–86.
Deutsche Geschichte, vols. 1–12. Berlin, 1891–1909. Supplement, vols. 1–3: Berlin, 1902–04.
In Russian translation:
Istoriia germanskogo naroda, vols. 1–3. Moscow, 1894–96.


Danilov, A. I. Problemy agrarnoi istorii rannego srednevekov’ia v nemetskoi istoriografii kontsa XIX-nach. XX vv. [Moscow, 1958.]


The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
Mentioned in ?
References in periodicals archive ?
Cultural historiographic thinking in the model of Jacob Burckhardt and Karl Lamprecht, and the philosophy they engaged with, was born out of engagement with both Hegelian and Kantian forms of historicity and the competing emphases on context and interpretation these were seen as producing.
(37) Warburg was a student of Karl Lamprecht, who had in turn closely studied the work of Jacob Burckhardt and credited Burckhardt with inspiring his own fascination with the pursuit a holistic account of past cultures.
80); por sua vez, Luiz Sergio Duarte da Silva aponta Karl Lamprecht como um historicista por verificar em seu pensamento um afastamento em relacao a tradicao rankeana e prussiana, entendida como baluarte da historia politica e descritiva.
Vico's countervailing emphasis on humanistic inquiry--what the German scholar Wilhelm Dilthey would later popularize as the Geisteswissenschaften or "spiritual sciences"--has largely been responsible for an interest in Vico that during the last century has engaged some of the most influential intellectuals in Europe and America, including Benedetto Croce, Karl Lamprecht, Aby Warburg, Karl Lowith, Erich Auerbach, Isaiah Berlin, Arnaldo Momigliano, Hayden White, and John Milbank, among others.
By contrast, the many references to the influence on Hasenclever of the historian Karl Lamprecht, his Doktorvater, and emphasis on the continuities with literary traditions of Der Sohn (especially with Schiller's Don Carlos) are convincing.
Chickering (1993), Karl Lamprecht, A German Academic Life (1856-1915), (New Jersey); M.
He is currently preparing his post-doctoral thesis on L'histoire de l'historiographie de Leipzig au [XX.sup.e] siecle dans la tradition de Karl Lamprecht jusqu'a latin de l'historiographie de l'ex-RDA en 1989-1990.
Among the historians who had come to realise the shortcomings of empirical patriotism was Karl Lamprecht, who was to look beyond the confines of his German History as he completed its twenty-four volumes written over the period 1891 to 1913.
Nao resta duvida de que Thomas Carlyle, Johann Gustav Droysen, Ernst Bernheim, Wilhelm von Humboldt, Theodor Mommsen, Karl Lamprecht, George Macaulay Trevelyan, Burckhardt, Leopold von Ranke e Thomas Buckle sao altamente representativos do momento de definicao de um novo campo do saber, em que ocorreu um verdadeiro renascimento dos estudos sobre o passado, na virada do Iluminismo para o Romantismo, por meio de um dialogo fecundo com o historicismo, no qual a reivindicacao da pesquisa e da critica de fontes originais se coadunou com a formulacao de principios teoricos e metodos de abordagem, que conferiram um carater cientifico a historia (MARTINS 2010, p.
Nesse sentido, cumpre destacar, sobretudo, o surgimento da Escola de Leipzig, capitaneada por Karl Lamprecht, e sua enfase sociocultural que se dissemina a partir da publicacao de sua Historia da Alemanha a partir de 1891, a qual causou forte impacto sob a comunidade germanica de historiadores.
Deslumbrado com Florenca e com a arte renascentista, Warburg decidiu estudar historia da arte na Universidade de Bonn, onde foi aluno do historiador das religioes Hemann Usener (1834-1905), do historiador social Karl Lamprecht (1856-1915) e do historiador da arte Carl Justi (1832-1912), figuras de destaque no cenario academico alemao de fins do seculo XIX.
62), estudos como o de Middel (2005) mostram que a partir da decada de 1950 homens como Walter Markov e Manfred Kossok desenvolviam ali sofisticados estudos de historia comparada--na boa tradicao da Universidade de Leipzig, cujas origens sabidamente remontam a Karl Lamprecht. A reunificacao, em 1989, significou uma pa de cal sobre esta incipiente historiografia marxista renovada.