Karl Schwarzschild

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Schwarzschild, Karl


Born Oct. 9,1873, in Frankfurt am Main; died May 11, 1916, in Potsdam. German astronomer. Member of the Berlin Academy of Sciences (1912).

From 1901, Schwarzschild was a professor at the University of Göttingen and director of the university’s observatory. Beginning in 1909, he was director of the astrophysical observatory in Potsdam. In 1912 he became a professor at the University of Berlin.

Schwarzschild worked out the methodology of photographic stellar photometry and compiled a catalog that contained the photographic determinations of the brightnesses of 3,500 stars. A number of his studies were devoted to the theoretical investigation of various problems of stellar astronomy and astrophysics. Schwarzschild established the ellipsoidal distribution of stellar velocities and gave a general solution of the integral equations of stellar statistics. He created the theory of the radiative equilibrium of stellar atmospheres and studied binary and variable stars, comets, and problems of quantum mechanics and relativity theory as applied to astronomy. Schwarzschild is also known for his studies in optics.


Ambartsumian, V. A. “Karl Shvartsshil’d.” In Tvortsy nauki o zvezdakh. . . . Leningrad, 1930.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
I too could not understand how Karl Schwarzschild, Albert Einstein, Stephen Hawkins, could theorise the existence of Black Holes and their formation by the gravitational collapse of heavy stars.
Fascinating explanations of the existence of black holes can be traced through Newtonian and Einsteinian theories of gravity, enlivened by an imagining by Karl Schwarzschild that if a place in space were extremely distorted, light would follow the hyper bent space, never to emerge.
Carr, "The black hole uncertainty principle correspondence," in Proceedings of the 1st Karl Schwarzschild Meeting on Gravitational Physics, vol.
It was such a natural and simple idea that, within a few months of Einstein developing his theory, Karl Schwarzschild, German physicist and astronomer, found a spherically symmetric solution to the equations.
Karl Schwarzschild, a German astronomer serving in World War I on the Russian front, worked out solutions to Einstein's complicated equations for the spacetime geometry around a massive sphere.
Karl Schwarzschild provided the first solution to the field equations of general relativity (GR), obtaining a spherically symmetric metric describing an eternal black hole * with an event horizon [6].
In 1916, Karl Schwarzschild derived the first modern solution of general relativity that could characterize a black hole--although its interpretation as a portion of space from which nothing could escape was not grasped for another 45 years.
Should other worthies have been given chapters--Edward Pickering, Karl Schwarzschild, Henry Norris Russell, or Walter Baade--for example?
In 1916, the German astronomer Karl Schwarzschild proposed the existence of black holes in space.
It was Karl Schwarzschild who, in a set of papers in 1916 based on Einstein's field equation, mathematically described the curvature of spacetime inside and outside a star - but they were also found to be descriptive of Michell's dark star.