Karun

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Related to Karun River: Prozac, Aras River

Karun

(käro͞on`), river, c.450 mi (720 km) long, rising in the Zagros Mts., W Iran, and flowing S to the Shatt al Arab on the Iraqi border. The Karun is navigable to Ahvaz for shallow draft vessels; rapids prevent further upstream passage except during high water in April and May. The river was opened to foreign trade in 1888; but since the construction of a rail line during World War II between the river port of Khorramshahr, Ahvaz, and the main Iranian system, this route has lost importance. At Shushtar there is a dam designed to irrigate an area of 500 sq mi (1,295 sq km); it is surmounted by a magnificent bridge (no longer in use), probably built in the 3d cent. for Shapur I of Persia by captured Roman soldiers.

Karun

 

a river in Iran, a left tributary of the river Shatt al-Arab. Length, 820 km (according to other data, 850 km); basin area, 60,000 sq km. It rises on the slopes of the Zard Kuh massif (Zagros Mountains). In its upper and middle course it flows through canyons and crosses intermontane basins; in its lower course it flows through the Mesopotamian Lowland. The river is characterized by spring high water caused by meltwaters; there are summer flash floods, and low water is in fall and winter. The average water discharge in the lower course is 770 cu m per sec. Part of the discharge in the upper course is channeled through tunnels to irrigate the Isfahan oasis; in the lower course it is used to irrigate the Mesopotamian Lowland. The Karun is navigable up to the city of Ahvaz, where there are rapids, and above that until the city of Shushtar.

References in periodicals archive ?
psi]] in suctions of 0, -3, - 6, -9, -12 and -15 cm, in sandy soil of Karun River bank, by four PTFs including Rawls and Brakensiek [12], Wosten [15], Wosten et al [16] and Vereecken et al [13] showed that the acceptable models with the least Total Error were on base of following order:
The Iranian side has confirmed to me by phone that they have not blocked off the Karun River from Basra and the Shatt al-Arab," Ambassador Mohammed Majeed al-Sheikh told Aswat al-Iraq news agency.
6 billion yen as the first tranche of financing for a dam project in the Karun River in southern Iran.
6 billion yen as the first stage of financing for a dam project in the Karun River in southern Iran.
This area has significant groundwater resources and permanent rivers due to limestone and schist heights, rain and good alluvium that are considered as Karun River branches.
I wore mine while hiking in the Zagros mountains, paddling on the Karun river and cycling to the city of Ahvaz
He did not mention Iranian dam building on the Karun River, which has also reduced the water flow to the marshlands.
Razdar and colleagues [8]to assess water quality of Anzali wetland and Hoshmand and colleagues [9] by studying water quality of the Karun River in the Khuzestan province used NSFWQI indicator that water quality in medium range reported.
Thousands of protesters packed a central square in Shahrekord in the latest of many demonstrations in the southwest opposing the transfer of Karun River water to dry, inland regions.
The bridge, the eighth to be built over the Karun River in Ahvaz, connects the two districts of Takhte-Soleiman and Zand in the provincial capital city.
6 billion yen in the first stage of financing the dam on the Karun River.