Kasai


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Related to Kasai: Kasai River, Kasai Procedure

Kasai

(käsī`), former province, c.124,000 sq mi (321,160 sq km), S central Congo (Kinshasa). Luluabourg (present KanangaKananga
, formerly Luluabourg
, city (1984 pop. 298,693), capital of Kasai-Central prov., S central Congo (Kinshasa), on the Lulua River. It is the commercial and transportation center of a region where cotton is grown and diamonds are mined.
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) was the capital. Between the Kasai and the Sankuru rivers the Kuba kingdom of the Shongo people existed from the early 17th cent. In the south of the province were the constantly warring Luba and Bena Lulua peoples. This ethnic conflict was partly responsible for the secession (Aug., 1960) of the Baluba-dominated Mining State of South Kasai, headed by Albert Kalonji, who proclaimed himself king of South Kasai. The central government reestablished control over the whole of Kasai in Dec., 1961. Kasai was divided into five provinces in 1962, which were regrouped as Kasai-Occidental and Kasai-Oriental provinces in 1966. In 2015, Kasai-Occidental was divided into Kasai and Kasai-Central, and Kasai-Oriental into Sankuru, Kasai-Oriental, and Lomami.

Kasai

or

Cassai,

river, c.1,100 mi (1,800 km) long, rising in central Angola, S central Africa, flowing E, N, and NW through W Congo (Kinshasa) to the Congo River; it forms part of the Angola-Congo border. The Kasai, navigable for c.475 mi (760 km) above its mouth, is an important trade artery. Its tributaries include many navigable streams (some of which are rich in alluvial diamonds).

Kasai

 

(called the Kwa near its mouth), a river in Central Africa, flowing through Angola and the Republic of Zaire; the largest left-bank tributary of the Congo River. Length, about 2, 000 km. Basin area, 880, 200 sq km.

The Kasai rises on the Lunda plateau and descends from its northern slopes to the Congo valley, forming rapids and waterfalls. In several places in the lower course it becomes as wide as a lake (up to 5–6 km wide). The main tributaries are the Lulua, Sankuru, and Fimi-Lukenie from the right and the Kwango from the left. The river is fed mainly by rain, but subsurface water is also important. The water level rises from September or October to April and is lowest in August. The discharge in the lower course is 5, 000–20, 000 cu m per sec, with an average annual discharge of about 10, 000 cu m per sec. The Kasai is navigable for 790 km from its mouth. It is a most important water transportation artery of the Congo basin. There is fishing on the river. The Kasai basin is a major region of diamondmining. Three hydroelectric power plants with a combined capacity of 9.8 megawatts operate in the diamond-mining regions.

Kasai

a river in southwestern Africa, rising in central Angola and flowing east then north as part of the border between Angola and the Democratic Republic of Congo (formerly Za?re), continuing northwest through the Democratic Republic of Congo to the River Congo. Length: 2154 km (1338 miles)
References in periodicals archive ?
The recovering security situation in Kasai Provinces, together with presidential elections, recent discussions between the visiting DRC officials and refugees, and the upcoming academic year, sparked this week's spontaneous returns.
La reunion a ete conduite par les gouverneurs des deux provinces, Ernesto Muangala (Lunda-Norte) et Martim Mulamba (Kasai Central).
Mr Terada said Nissan's decision to end production of its Infiniti model in Sunderland had an "immaterial" impact on Kasai due to the company producing low volumes for the car.
<B A protest march over the closure of the Honda plant at Swindon - a decision that had major ramifications for Kasai
"Many people in WHO's Western Pacific region cannot access the health services they need," Kasai said.
In the Kasai region, rebels have waged war on President Kabila's army since August 2016.
Over the past 12 months Unicef has rescued 1,712 children who fled rebel groups in Kasai - including 481 girls.
this morning, Kasai was sent to the Prosecutor's Office and he was restricted from leaving the country and as he left the building, he was seen with his head down wearing a facemask and baseball cap before taking a taxi under the escort of police and awaited further instructions.
As the violence in Kasai and eastern parts of the country intensifies, escalating conflict in south eastern Congo looks set to continue.
The conflict emerging in the North Kivu (east of DRC) soon spread violence to the Kasai region (west of DRC) forcing some 1.7 million to flee from their homes to the detriment of their children.
And now that the violence has decreased they come back.' Clearly moved, the UNICEF official who has worked in the field in Asia, African and the Carribean, said: 'Often we say that children are at risk of dying; no, that's not what we are saying in Kasai. We say that children are dying; I saw that.'
Fighting between government forces and regional militia in the Congo's central Kasai province has created a "perfect storm of poverty, deprivation and conflict for the most vulnerable children", UNICEF said in a report on Friday, Al-Jazeera reported.