Kashgar

(redirected from Kashgaria)

Kashi

, Kashgar
an oasis city in W China, in W Xinjiang Uygur AR. Pop.: 318 000 (2005 est.)

Kashgar

 

a city in western China, in the Sinkiang-Uighur Autonomous Region, located on the Kashgar River in the center of a large oasis in the southern foothills of the Tien-Shan. Population, 90, 800 (1953). The city consists of two parts—Shifu and Shule. Kashgar was a transport center on an ancient trade route. It is now an important economic center, with agricultural machine-building and textile, flour-milling, and ceramics enterprises. The handicrafts industry is also well developed. A hydroelectric power plant is located in the city.


Kashgar

 

(Kyzylsu), a river in western China and in the USSR, with its upper course in the Tadzhik and Kirghiz Soviet Socialist Republics. The Kashgar is 765 km long (including 685 km in China) and drains an area (together with the Gezdar’ia River) of 90,800 sq km. It rises in the slopes of the Alai and Trans-Alai ranges and has a mountain character in its upper course. The lower Kashgar flows through the Kashgar Plain, watering a large oasis of over 2,500 sq km. The average discharge in the lower course is 77 cu m per sec, with a maximum of approximately 500 cu m per sec. There are summer floods with considerable sediment discharge. The Kashgar previously flowed into the Yarkand but now is lost in the sands of Tograkkum. Thecity of Kashgar is located on it.

References in periodicals archive ?
Kashgaria, held by the self-proclaimed Emir Yakub Beg, was captured by Russian-backed Chinese troops and became a virtual Russian protectorate.
33) Overall, the steady increase of land area under cultivation, expansion of irrigation and large flows of inward migration to Turkestan from Kashgaria, Afghanistan, and Iran in this period all suggest that the local economy was flourishing until 1914.
Turkey, which had the supreme sultanate watching over Muslim kingdoms, conferred the title of Emir of Kashgaria on the new claimant.
2] and is located in the Tarim Depression--between 37[degrees]N and 42[degrees]N, and between 76[degrees]E and 88[degrees]E--in the territory of Kashgaria, at altitudes of 2,6254,921 ft (800-1,500 m).
At various times, the area was known as Chinese Turkestan, Tartary, or Kashgaria.
Their ordeal may seem irrelevant now, but for many decades Kashgaria or East Turkestan -- an outlandish region where Imperial Russia, Afghanistan, China and British India rubbed sharp shoulders -- was of vital strategic importance.
By the 1860s, no corner of the unknown world aroused more interest than Kashgaria, or East Turkestan.
Born at Shemchurino in Pskov province (April 10, 1848); entered the army (1864); took part in the capture of Samarkand (1868); engaged in diplomatic work in Kashgaria (westernmost Xinjiang, near Kaxgar River) (1874); served in the conquest of Kokand (1876); during the Russo-Turkish War (April 1877-March 1878) he served as chief of staff for an infantry division under Gen.
In fact, the great cost of suppressing the Taiping and Nian rebellions sharply reduced the funds available to administer Central Asia, and the resultant steep rise in local taxation was a significant factor in the outbreak of rebellion in Kashgaria.