Kashi


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Kashi

(kä`shē`) or

Kashgar

(käsh`gär), city (1994 est. pop. 190,500), SW Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region, China, on the Kaxgar (Kashgar) River (a tributary of the Tarim). It is the hub of an important commercial district, the western terminus of the main road of the province, and a center for trade with India, Afghanistan, Tajikistan, and Kyrgyzstan with one of the world's largest weekly outdoor markets. Wheat, corn, cotton, barley, rice, beans, and fruit are grown there. Cotton and wool cloth, rugs, leatherware, and jewelry are manufactured. In 2010 the city was made a special economic zone. From Kashi a mountain pass provides a route to Samarkand and thence to the Middle East. The city, predominantly Uigur in ethnic composition, first came under Chinese rule in the period of the Han dynasty (206 B.C.–A.D. 221). Romans traded there in the 6th cent. When Kashi was the capital of the Uigur Turks (750–840), it was also a center of ManichaeismManichaeism
or Manichaeanism
, religion founded by Mani (c.216–c.276). Mani's Life

Mani (called Manes by the Greeks and Romans) was born near Baghdad, probably of Persian parents; his father may have been a member of the Mandaeans.
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. Visited by Marco Polo in 1275, Kashi was soon after conquered by Jenghiz Khan. From the 15th to the 17th cent. it was ruled by hereditary Khojar (Muslim) kings. The city passed definitively to China in 1760, but since then there have been uprisings and periods of contested control. Points of interest include the Aidkah Mosque and the Abak Hoja Tomb, bearing the remains of a 17th-century ruler; most of the traditional old city was razed and modernized by government order in the early 21st cent.
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Kashi

, Kashgar
an oasis city in W China, in W Xinjiang Uygur AR. Pop.: 318 000 (2005 est.)
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
Kashi says many victims of extrajudicial killings and forced disappearances are yet to get justice due to lack of goodwill and victimisation of both the victims and witnesses owing to shoddy investigations.
Modi arrived at the police line helipad of the city and left directly for Kashi Vishwanath temple.
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Sanskrit for "light", the word kashi ([TEXT NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII]) was chosen as an appropriate symbol with which to christen their now-legendary enterprise.
Some brands of granola and muesli--like Bear Naked, Kashi, and Bob's Red Mill--cheat by using the serving size for snacks (1 oz.) when they should use heavy cereals' (2 oz.) serving.
L'international algerien, Ahmed Kashi, remis de sa blessure au talon, a dispute son premier match depuis sept mois en prenant part a une rencontre de son equipe, Charlton, contre Leeds United, dans le cadre du championnat de deuxieme division anglaise de football des moins de 21 ans (U21).
IS RETURNING KASHI and its family of brands-Kashi, Bear Naked and Stretch Island Fruit Co.--to its roots by re-establishing Kashi as a stand-alone natural foods business.
is reestablishing Kashi and its family of brands--Kashi, Bear Naked and Stretch Island Fruit Co.--as a stand-alone natural food business.