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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



a city in Kalinin Oblast, RSFSR. It is situated on the Kashinka River, a tributary of the Volga, and has a railroad station on the Kaliazin-Sonkovo line, 204 km from Moscow. Population, 18, 000 (1970).

Kashin is first mentioned in the chronicles in 1238. About 1300 it became the patrimony of Prince Dmitrii Borisovich, a descendant of the princes of Rostov. The city was annexed by the Principality of Tver’ in 1382, and as part of that principality it was annexed by the Principality of Moscow in 1486. In 1708, Kashin became part of Ingermanland Province and in 1719, of St. Petersburg Province. In 1775 it was the center of the Tver’ namestnichestvo (vicegerency) and in 1796 of Tver’ Province.

Kashin has a flax-processing plant, a dairy, a factory manufacturing felt boots and clothing, a meat-packing combine, and a plant producing electrical equipment. A veterinary technicum, a medical school, and a museum of local lore are located here. Architectural monuments include the St. Dmitrii Monastery (Troitsa Church, 1682), the Klobukov Monastery (Pokrovskaia Church and cells of the 17th–18th centuries), and the Sretenskii Monastery; the wooden Church of SS. Joachim and Anne (17th-19th centuries); the Vkhodoierusalimskaia Church and the Church of SS. Peter and Paul of the late 18th century; and the Voskresenskii Cathedral (completed in 1817). Since the late 18th century, Kashin has been built according to a planned layout. Other note worthy buildings are the Assembly House (18th century), government offices and market arcades (early 19th century), and residential buildings of the 19th century.

Kashin is a balneological and mud-bath resort. It has peat mud and, for drinking, sulfate-chloride mineral water of the magnesium-calcium sodium type (from a depth of 117 m, well no. 12) with a chemical composition:

Chloride-sulfate magnesium-sodium waters (from a depth of 302–384 m, well no. 14) and chloride sodium-calcium waters(from a depth of 614–640 m, well no. 22) are used for baths.Illnesses treated include muscular and bone diseases, disorders of the digestive organs, gynecological conditions, and diseases of the peripheral nervous system. Among the city’s health facilitiesare a sanatorium, a water and mud-bath hospital, and a poly-clinic.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Kashin also noted that Russia and China boast cooperation experience in the area of information security, and a series of cooperation agreements have been signed between the two sides.
China's near doubling of weapons exports has helped the nation establish a newfound instrument for developing crucial political relationships around the world, according to military analyst Vassily Kashin.
Oleg Kashin, a leading journalist who contributed to the political blog I established at GQ, was beaten within an inch of his life in 2010; the detectives on the case began by asking his friends, "Well, did he use his head when writing (about politics)?" (Even a public promise of manual control by Dmitry Medvedev, the president at the time, didn't help convict the ultimate culprits, believed to be working for Andrei Turchak, a regional governor whom Kashin had offended in a blog post).
Dietze, B., and Kashin, D., Playing and Learning, Pearson Education, Canada, 2011.
Growing recognition of the use of technology and social media in early childhood contexts can be considered an opportunity for connection through conversations and sharing of technologies between teachers, families and pre-service teachers (Dietze & Kashin, 2013).
Sharing such highly sensitive information as missile launch warning systems and ballistic missile defense that "indicates something beyond simple cooperation," according to Vasily Kashin.
Russia's desire to use the base was "linked to the increase in intensity of military activity in the Aleppo area," said Vasily Kashin, an analyst with the Center for Analysis and Technologies in Moscow.
In turn, this doubt was influenced by earlier work in mosquitoes suggesting that the current flowing through the insect was less than the conjectured static charge generated during flight (Kashin & Wakeley 1965).
The decision of China and India to work together on a joint system of satellites would allow the members of BRICS to be more independent and implement more complex engineering projects in space without having to depend on US technology, Russian military expert Vasiliy Kashin told Sputnik in an interview.A few days ago during his visit to India, Wu Yanhua, Deputy Administrator for the Chinese National Space Agency (CNSA), said Chinese and Indian space scientists would begin cooperation in the field of aerospace.
Vasily Kashin, Senior Research Fellow at the Moscow-based Center for Analysis of Strategies and Technologies, estimated that the mission in Syria would have an annual cost of between $1 billion and $2 billion, out of an annual defence and national security budget of $50 billion.
The deaths could have been averted, Zamiatnin averred, if the junior officer in charge of the convoy, Kashin, had permitted the exiles to shelter from the frosts and recover in the villages along the route.