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a city in Moscow Oblast, RSFSR, situated on the high right bank of the Oka River. There is a landing on the river. Kashira is a station on the Moscow-Donbas trunk line, 109 km south of Moscow. Population, 39, 000 (1970).
Kashira was founded in the 1.4th century. It was registered as part of Moscow Province in 1708 and remained so until 1777, when it became the district city of Tula namestnichestvo (viceroyalty); it became the district city of Tula Province in 1796. There is a gorodishche (site of a fortified town) dating from the Iron Age in Kashira. The Kashira State Regional Electric Power Plant is located in the city. Plants producing metal structures, furniture, and hosiery, as well as a shipyard and the Isentrolit Plant, are located in the city. There is also an evening power engineering technicum and an experimental combine producing cardboard and paper products.