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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



a people, the principal population of the state of Jammu and Kashmir in India. The Kashmiris live mainly in the Vale of Kashmir, along the Jhelum River. They number about 2.5 million (1970, estimate); their language is Kashmiri. The influence of Urdu, Hindi, and Punjabi is strong in the cities. More than 90 percent of the Kashmiris are Muslims; the rest are Hindus.

The Kashmiris have a diversified agricultural economy: they cultivate grains (rice, maize, and wheat), vegetables and melons (muskmelon, watermelon, and squash), and fruits (apricots and mulberries); they engage in beekeeping, silkworm breeding, and, in the mountains, pastoral livestock raising (goats and sheep). Handicrafts are highly developed: the production of fine woolen fabrics (cashmere) and cashmere shawls made of goat down, painted lacquerware made of wood and papier-mâché, and artistic woodcarving and metalworking. A small number of Kashmiris are employed in industry.


Narody Iuzhnoi Azii. Moscow, 1963.
Puliarkin, V. A. Kashmir. Moscow, 1956.
Singh, S. H. Kashmir and Its Future. Delhi, 1955.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Firdous Ashiq Awan has said India cannot suppress the just voice of Kashmiri people. In a series of tweets on Tuesday, she said agonies of oppressed Kashmiri people have shaken the conscience of international community.
ISLAMABAD -- Hurriyet leader Yasin Malik's wife, Mishal Malik, Tuesday called the International community to take an immediate emergency action against the extremist mindset of Narendra Modi to stop bloodshed of humanitarian tragedy of Kashmiri People in Indian occupied Kashmir (IOK).
She pointed out that the voice of the legitimate and legal rights of Kashmiri people have also been heard at the parliament house.
Chief Minister said that Kashmiri people were making the historic struggle against the Indian occupation.
International media have also exposed Indian tyrannies being committed against the Kashmiri people, he said adding that world nations will have to lend support to the oppressed, innocent and unarmed Kashmiri people.
We need to explore other diplomatic options and continue our struggle for the Kashmiri people resolutely till the world is convinced the only peaceful solution of the dispute is granting the Kashmiri people the right to self-determination.
Deputy speaker National Assembly Qasim Khan Suri while addressing the 4th South Asia SDGs speakers conference being held in Male, Maldives today raised the Kashmir issue and apprised the conference about the illegal and unconstitutional steps of Indian government and atrocities being committed on innocent Kashmiri people according to a message received from Maldives.
This he stated while he was addressing to a rally at main Shahrah-e-Faisal, held to express solidarity with Kashmiri people during Kashmir hour observed throughout the country on Friday.
Lahore -- Punjab Law Minister Raja Bashara has said that on the instructions of Prime Minister Pakistan Imran Khan, the solidarity day with Kashmiri people will be held with full vigour.
According to dispatches, a walk was held at the Pakistan High Commission in New Delhi to express solidarity with the Kashmiri people in which all diplomats, staff members and their families participated.
He said Pakistan should forcefully raise the voice of oppressed Kashmiri people at the international level.
'The lawyers' community, through resolutions in their meetings and using the power of media, can convey the voice of oppressed Kashmiri people to the international community, particularly big powers,' he added.