Kashubs

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Kashubs

 

(self-designation, Kashebi), descendants of the ancient Pomors who live on the shores of the Baltic Sea in the northeastern regions of Poland. They speak the Kashubian dialect of Polish. In the early 14th century the lands of the Kashubs were seized by the Knights of the Teutonic Order. Eastern Pomor’e was reunited with Poland by the Treaty of Torun in 1466. Prussia gained control of the Kashubian lands in the first and second partitions of Poland (1772, 1793). They were returned to Poland by the Treaty of Versailles in 1919. The Kashubs have preserved their own culture despite long forced Germanization.

REFERENCES

Lavrovskii, P. “Etnograficheskii ocherk kashubov.” Filologicheskie zapiski, Voronezh, 1873, issues 4–5.
Bukowski, A. Regionalizm kaszubski, Poznan, 1950.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Slav Outposts in Central European History: The Wends, Sorbs and Kashubs
In the latter part of the first millennium AD, he says these lands--Trans-Elbia--were home to a conglomeration of pagan Slav tribes, called in various places, languages, and periods as Wends, Sorbs, and Kashubs. The topics include coexistence and erosion 1200-1500, reformation 1500-1600, from Pietism to Enlightenment 1700-1800, and from liberation to European Union 1945-1990.
The ethnic minorities, on the other hand, like the Hungarians in Slovakia or Kashubs and Germans in Poland, sent no entries, even though they are known to be highly engaged in local politics.