Kaskaskia

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Kaskaskia

(kăskăs`kēə), small village, Randolph co., SE Ill., on Kaskaskia island in the Mississippi River where it is joined by the Kaskaskia River. The settlement was established (1703) by Jesuit missionaries and named for a local Native American group of the Illinois. The French built a fort there in 1721, which was destroyed when Kaskaskia was taken over (1763) by the British. During the American Revolution, George Rogers Clark took (1778) U.S. possession of the village. It thrived as the capital of Illinois Territory (1809–18) and state capital (1818–20); the first Illinois newspaper started there in 1814. The community declined after the capital was shifted (1820) to Vandalia; flooding from the Mississippi in the late 19th cent. further discouraged growth. Fort Kaskaskia State Park was set aside in 1927 across the Mississippi River near Chester, Ill.
References in periodicals archive ?
Lyons said the population grew, and, in 1725, Kaskaskia was incorporated by the French.
Lyons said because of poor conditions there, the British moved to Kaskaskia, which is where Clark found them during the Revolutionary War.
Lyons said after the war ended, Kaskaskia was part of several different territories.
When President James Monroe signed off on Illinois being admitted as the 21st state in the union in 1818, Kaskaskia was chosen as its first capital.
Though at one time home to a vibrant population, Kaskaskia Island now is home to an almost startling quiet.
Lyons said while Kaskaskia is not the tourism hub of, say, Abraham Lincolns estate in the current state capital of Springfield, she is happy with things they way they are.
"The Americans also named their structure Fort Kaskaskia, and people jumped to the conclusion that they had rebuilt the earlier French fort.