Katipunan


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Katipunan

 

a secret patriotic anti-Spanish organization in the Philippines from 1892 to 1897. It was founded and led by A. Bonifacio, E. Jacinto, and other members of the revolutionary democratic wing of the Liga Filipina, a patriotic revolutionary organization formed in 1892. After the Liga Filipina disbanded in 1893, Katipunan became a broad-based organization, with a membership of about 100, 000 in 1896 (according to some estimates, 400, 000). The Katipunan’s program proclaimed the equality of all men and called for the defense of the oppressed and for mutual assistance and self-sacrifice in the interest of the homeland.

The Katipunan abandoned the ineffectual reformist tactics of the Liga Filipina and began to prepare for the armed overthrow of Spanish rule. In August 1896 an uprising broke out on Bonifacio’s appeal. The Supreme Council of the Katipunan not only directed the military operations but became the national organ of revolutionary power, with its provincial sections assuming the functions of local government in the wake of the victories of the popular forces. Led by E. Aguinaldo, the bourgeois and landowning elements that had joined the uprising opposed the Katipunan in favor of a “republican government” in order to eliminate radical plebeian elements from the leadership of the revolution. In March 1897, the Republic of the Philippines was proclaimed by the rebels, and Aguinaldo was elected its president. In an attempt to dominate the movement, the Aguinaldo group succeeded in dissolving the Katipunan. Bonifacio was falsely accused of conspiracy and executed on May 10, 1897. The revolutionaries who had led the Katipunan began to play a subordinate role in the government of the republic and were unable to prevent Aguinaldo’s capitulation to the colonialists (the Biac-na-Bató Pact of 1897).

REFERENCES

Guber, A. A. Filippinskaia respublika 1898 goda i amerikanskii imperializm, 2nd ed. Moscow, 1961.
Agoncillo, T. A. The Revolt of the Masses: The Story of Bonifacio and the Katipunan. Quezon City, 1956.

G. I. LEVINSON

References in periodicals archive ?
Traffic enforcers of Marikina will aide the Metropolitan Manila Development Authority (MMDA) team in managing traffic along Katipunan Avenue and Marcos Highway.
Traffic auxiliary enforcers of Marikina City will be deployed along Marcos Highway and Katipunan Avenue to help enforcers of the Metropolitan Manila Development Authority (MMDA) address the traffic situation in the area, Mayor Marcelino Teodoro said on Tuesday.
These consist of nine emblems that would identify its officers during the secret Masonic-style meetings of the Katipunan. One of the most precious is a medal of a mythic sun (with a human face) surrounded by eight rays.
Artist Ralph Rivera Pangilinan, 23, found renewed inspiration to work after the Kartilya ng Katipunan shrine in the city was cleared by the mayor, dedicating the painting to him.
Katipunan before approach of Katipunan/Aurora Flyover (3rd lane from sidewalk)
MMDA Command Centre chief Edison Nebrija said motorists in Fairview, Batasan, Katipunan and Elliptical Road would also be experiencing bumper-to-bumper traffic, especially during rush hours.
He was the founder and leader of the Katipunan movement which sought the independence of the Philippines and started the Philippine Revolution.
That was the Katipunan and in this exciting book currently occupying my time can be found memories that are altogether bitter about Spain and its years of colonization in the Philippines.
In February 2008, we obtained 205 stool specimens from residents of Katipunan who had a history of diarrhea of >2 weeks duration and abdominal disturbance.
Principal wars: Katipunan Revolt (1896-1897); Spanish-American War (1898); Philippine Insurrection (1899-1902); World War II (1941-1945).
-From Cubao, take Aurora Blvd., then right turn to Katipunan Ave., take Service Road of Libis Underpass, left turn to Boni Serrano and take FVR Road straight to Macapagal Bridge then Marcos Highway to Antipolo;
After years of total neglect, the monument of Emilio Jacinto, dubbed as the brains of the revolutionary movement Katipunan, was made visible again to the public following Manila Mayor Francisco "Isko Moreno" Domagoso's continuous clean-up campaign.