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volcano, 4,961 ft (1,512 m) high, SW Iceland. One of Iceland's most active volcanoes, it is partly buried under the Mýrdalsjökull glacier, which covers its eruptive vents. Katla's most recent major eruption was in 1918, during which mudflows resulting from glacial melting extended the coast some 3 mi (5 km). There may have been a smaller eruption in 1955 that did not break through the glacier.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



an active volcano in southern Iceland, with an elevation of 970 m, covered by the southeastern part of the M–rdalsjökull Glacier. The volcano’s eruptions under the ice have caused intensive melting of the ice and the flooding of adjacent regions. Since the tenth century, 14 major eruptions have been recorded, the most recent occurring in 1918, 1934, and 1955.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
The Satu Katla police registered the case and launched the investigation.
But Katla's ash cloud could be three times bigger than Eyjafjallajokull's , scientists say.
Reykjavik, [Iceland] Sep 24 ( ANI ): Nobody knows as to whether or not Iceland's dormant Katla Volcano will erupt or not.
According to DoF [9], Rui, Katla as well as Pangus are mostly produced and consumed fish in Bangladesh.
The Icelandic Met Office said two quakes, the largest with a magnitude of 3.7, had shaken the Katla volcano in southern Iceland and that "an intense seismic swarm" had been experienced since Thursday morning.
Katla is located in South Iceland and lies under the MAaAaAeAa1/2rdalsjAaAaAeA icecap, rising 1,450 meters (or 4,757 feet) into the air.
In particular, the company's shareholders elected the following candidates to the supervisory board: Mikhail Fridman, Gennady Gazin, Andrei Gusev, Gunnar Holt, Sir Julian Horn-Smith, Nils Katla, Alexey Reznikovich, Morten Karlsen Sorby and Trond O Westlie.*
Single bullet Katla, the only horse trained by John Grogan, who is also the filly's owner/breeder, has been successful at Listed level at two, three and four, and achieved her most recent success in the grade when beating top sprinter Maarek into second at the Curragh 12 days ago.
Many airlines in Europe are concerned that Eyjafjallajkull's larger neighbor, Katla, might erupt, but active volcanoes in other parts of Europe including Italy and Spain could also pose problems in the future.
Above the Icelandic volcano Katla, for instance, the ice cap is 6 meters thinner in summer than in winter.
Katla is a danger but she has a poor draw to overcome.