Katmai National Park and Preserve

(redirected from Katmai National Monument)

See also: National Parks and Monuments (table)National Parks and Monuments

National Parks
Name Type1 Location Year authorized Size
acres (hectares)
Description
Acadia NP SE Maine 1919 48,419 (19,603) Mountain and coast scenery.
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Katmai National Park and Preserve

(kăt`mī), at the northern end of the Alaska Peninsula on Shelikof Strait, S Alaska, comprising Katmai National Park (3,674,530 acres/1,487,664 hectares) and an adjoining preserve (418,699 acres/169,514 hectares). Established in 1918 as a national monument, it was later expanded and was designated a park and preserve in 1980. Mt. Katmai, 6,715 ft (2,047 m) high, and Novarupta, 2,760 ft (841 m) high but rising only 200 ft (65 km) above the surrounding terrain, are located in the park. In 1912 Novarupta was the site of the largest volcanic eruption of the 20th cent. and one of the largest eruptions in recorded history. All plant and animal life in the area was destroyed by ash and lava, although no people were reported killed. Kodiak Island, 100 mi (160 km) to the southeast, was covered with c.1 ft (.3 m) of ash. As lava beneath Mt. Katmai drained W to Novarupta, Katmai's summit collapsed, forming a crater 1.9 mi (3 km) wide and 2,000 ft (600 m) deep, in which a lake has formed. The Valley of the Ten Thousand Smokes (70 sq mi/65 sq km), a fumarole field created in the Ukak River valley by a pyroclastic flow from the Novarupta eruption, has countless holes and cracks through which hot gases passed to the surface for two decades; all but a few have become extinct. The park also includes glacier-covered peaks and other active volcanoes, lakes, a coastline with dramatic fjords and waterfalls, dense marshlands, and heavy forests with a variety of wildlife, notably moose and brown bears. See National Parks and MonumentsNational Parks and Monuments

National Parks
Name Type1 Location Year authorized Size
acres (hectares)
Description
Acadia NP SE Maine 1919 48,419 (19,603) Mountain and coast scenery.
..... Click the link for more information.
 (table).
References in periodicals archive ?
Alaska's territorial governor had prophesied in 1918 that "there is no possibility of the Katmai National Monument ever becoming a favorite place for tourist travel." (39) Horace Albright, the acting NPS director, responded that the monument could "be modified later if this is necessary in the interests of the commercial development of Alaska." (40) Proposals for the commercial development of Katmai began soon after World War II.
The NPS has sought to fulfill its dual legal mandate of promoting both conservation and enjoyment ever since President Wilson established the Katmai National Monument in 1918.
Kauffmann, Katmai National Monument, Alaska: A History of Its Establishment and Revision of Its Boundaries 4 (1954) (quoting a Letter from Griggs to Grosvenor (May 23, 1918)).
In every respect--in expansiveness, magnificent scenery, geological phenomena, an original assemblage of animals and plants, and its unimpaired quality--Katmai deserves the higher status."); Master Plan Brief for Katmai National Monument, NPS 8 (n.d.) (on file with author) (stating the objective "[t]o redesignate the Monument to National Park status at the earliest propitious time").