Katowice


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Wikipedia.

Katowice

(kätôvē`tsĕ), Ger. Kattowitz, city (1993 est. pop. 366,200), capital of Śląskie prov., S Poland. One of the chief mining and industrial centers of Poland, it has industries producing heavy machinery and chemicals; mines in the region yield coal, iron, zinc, and lead. The city was chartered in 1865 and passed from Germany to Poland in 1921. Katowice is also an important educational and cultural center.

Katowice

 

a city in southern Poland, administrative center of Katowice Województwo. Population, 302, 000 (1970).

Katowice is the most important city in the Upper Silesian conurbation. It is a railroad junction and an important industrial center, with 83, 000 people employed in industry. The city’s industry includes coal mining (Upper Silesian Coal Basin), ferrous and nonferrous metallurgy (including the production of zinc, lead, and rolled nonferrous metals), machine building (mining, hoisting and transport machines, and electrical equipment), the chemical industry (including superphosphates), porcelain production, food processing, and printing. The city has a university, founded in 1968, a higher school of economics, and an academy of the arts.

The city is mentioned in sources with the name of Katowice for the first time in 1598. Under Prussian rule beginning in 1742, it received German town rights in 1865 and was subjected to intense Germanization. Between 1919 and 1921, Katowice was a center of armed actions of the Polish population of Upper Silesia for national and social liberation. On Jan. 20, 1922, the League of Nations adopted a resolution returning the city to Poland. In 1923, Katowice became the most important center of a general strike of Silesian miners that had been organized by the united-front Committee of 21, which was elected by representatives of 46 of the mines and plants of Upper Silesia. The city was occupied by fascist German troops in September 1939 and liberated by troops of the First Ukrainian Front on Jan. 28, 1945.

The district of Śródmiescie, the historical nucleus of Katowice, has a central square, the Rynek, and a gridlike street plan. Katowice has been growing rapidly since 1945. A new city center and public and residential buildings have been constructed since 1958. The new structures include the Zenit department store (1962), the Kosmos motion picture theater (1959–65), a sports hall (1960’s), and multistory houses in the districts of Koszutka and Marchlewski. A monument to the Silesian insurgents has been erected on Armia Radziecka Street (stone, 1960’s; sculptor, G. Zemla; architect, W. Zablocki). Another monument to the Silesian rebels has been erected not far from the city (stone, 1949–52; sculptor, K. Dunikowski).

REFERENCE

Katowice, miasto nasze. Katowice, 1960.

Katowice

an industrial city in S Poland. Pop.: 2 914 000 (2005 est.)
References in periodicals archive ?
The expected sound liquidity will mitigate the risk of higher redemption as Katowice's debt service will double to about PLN70 million annually in 2019-2020 according to the redemption schedule.
To finance the planned investments Katowice has secured financing through a loan from the European Investment Bank (EIB), which will have a smooth amortising and long-term repayment schedule, lowering the pressure on debt service for the city's budget.
Our base case scenario expects Katowice's operating performance to remain satisfactory for the rating, fuelled by growing income and local tax revenue due to expected national economic growth of at least 3% per year in the medium term.
For 2017, Fitch expects Katowice to report an operating balance of about PLN215 million or 12% of operating revenue, which is high also due to the one-off civil activities tax revenue of PLN27 million.
The city is the centre of a large Katowice conurbation, with 2 million inhabitants of 4.6 million in the whole Slaskie region.
The ratings could be upgraded if Katowice improves its operating performance with an operating margin of about 15% on a sustained basis and maintains a debt payback ratio of below three years.
The subject of the contract are construction works consisting in the renovation of facades and balconies in the building w of the police school in katowice and renovation of the building facade a of the police school in katowice.
parameters of the druk service (from pdf files) and the setting of the book everyday life in the area of modern katowice in past eras.
the subject of the order is the delivery together with the assembly of brand new office furniture intended for equipping work stations of wfosigw employees in katowice at the headquarters of the employer at ul.
The subject of the order is the successive supply of office supplies for common courts of the katowice appeal.
the subject of this order is the supply of mannequins and models for the needs of teaching units of the medical university of silesia in katowice. The ordering party divided the subject of the contract into 4 packages.

Full browser ?