Kawi


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Kawi

 

(Sanskrit for “poet”), the ancient Javanese literary language formed in the second half of the first millennium A.D. when Indian cultural influence was established in Indonesia; also, the Kawi script. Numerous inscriptions on stones and metal plates dating from the late eighth and early ninth century, fictional works on subjects from the Ramayana and Mahabharata, and historical chronicles have been preserved. Although the Kawi vocabulary is predominantly of Sanskrit and Pali origin, its grammatical structure is purely Javanese. In the 14th century Kawi was supplanted by the language known as Middle Javanese, although Kawi continued to be used as the language of law and religion until Islam became firmly established in Java (15th to early 16th century). Kawi still partly fulfills these functions on the island of Bali.

REFERENCES

Teselkin, A.S. Drevneiavanskii iazyk (kavi). Moscow, 1963.
Uhlenbeck, E. M. A Critical Survey of Studies on the Languages of Java and Madura. Bibliographical Series, no. 7. The Hague, 1964.
References in periodicals archive ?
Kawi, Promotional Effect of Alkaline Earth over Ni-La2O3 Catalyst for CO2 Reforming of CH4: Role of Surface Oxygen Species on H2 Production and Carbon Suppression, Int.
Community leader Kawi Cawayan described Aquino's SONA as an"honest to goodness" report.
According to Abdulalem, a teacher in Penshuba and a Gwama speaker, Komo is spoken in Yangu, Lak'e and Kawi Shumate and is not understood by Gwama speakers.
Jennifer Kawi, PhD, MSN, APRN, FNP-BC, is Assistant Professor, University of Nevada, Las Vegas, School of Nursing, Department of Physiological Nursing, Las Vegas, NV.
(Source: Interview conducted on March, 6th 2009 at interviewee's clinic, Lok Kawi, Ind/M-Peninsular-Interviewee8)
Kawi, "Adsorption and catalytic combustion of aromatics on platinum-supported MCM-41 materials," Catalysis Today, vol.
The journey continues to Tirtha Empul, Mount Kawi, Goa Gajah (Elephant Temple) and more.
In addition to having a thorough knowledge of the ancient Javanese Kawi, the language in which the plays and all the other important Hindu-Balinese texts are written, the dalang must be fluent and literate in high, middle, and low Balinese" (Eiseman 1990, 323).
AND KAWI, S., 2006.Effects of nickel on growth and composition of metal micronutrients in barley plants grown in nutrient solution.
Joe, who has become close to carers at Kawi Zoo, is the sole survivor of the herd found dead at Gunung Rara Forest Reserve, near Tawau, Sabah, Malaysia.
The form simang is found among the Dusun Deyah as 'lion' (Kawi 1983) or 'leopard' (Hudson 1967: 79) and the Ma'anyan know the same form, in addition to harimaun, as 'clouded leopard,' but in this case understood as an invisible or mysterious animal (BI gaib).