Kazaa


Also found in: Dictionary, Wikipedia.
Related to Kazaa: LimeWire, Free music downloads

Kazaa

An earlier subscription-based online music service from Brilliant Digital Entertainment, Inc., Sherman Oaks, CA. For a monthly fee, Kazaa provided unlimited downloads of music for playing on up to three PCs. An unlimited number of ringtones were also available for one cellphone. In 2012, the service was discontinued.

An Infamous Beginning
The original "KaZaA" was a file sharing service founded in 2001 in Amsterdam by Niklas Zennstrom and Janus Friis, who created the underlying FastTrack peer-to-peer technology that was also used to power other services such as Morpheus and Grokster. Within two years, Kazaa claimed a record 230 million downloads.

Supported by advertisers, the Kazaa Media Desktop software enabled users to view paid content from Altnet as well as content from other users, the latter seriously vexing the music publishing companies. Although users were encouraged to not share copyrighted material, most downloads violated copyrights. The music industry sought to close down the company, and a Dutch court ordered the cessation of the Kazaa software. However, because the Kazaa system was totally distributed, existing users could still swap files, and people still continue to swap music using programs such as Kazaa Lite and Kazaa Resurrection, although to a significantly lesser degree.

In 2002, the Kazaa website and logo were sold to Australian Sharman Networks Ltd. Four years later, Sharman paid $USD 100 million to settle music industry lawsuits and agreed to turn Kazaa into a legitimate service. Brilliant Digital Entertainment (BDE), an Altnet owner, partnered with Sharman to create legal downloads that include digital rights management (DRM). See peer-to-peer network, Napster and BitTorrent.

The Kazaa Supernode Architecture
Unlike Napster, which provided a central directory of shared files, the original Kazaa distributed its directories to "supernodes," which were the users' own computers. Supernodes communicated with other supernodes to complete a search. Users with fast computers and connections were automatically made supernodes unless they disallowed it. As a supernode, no more than 10% of the CPU power was used.

File swapping systems have been architected in different ways as outlined in the following illustrations:








References in periodicals archive ?
Sydney, Dec 12(ANI): A US- based entrepreneur and a creator of file -sharing application Kazaa, Kevin Bermeister has sued several Internet giants including Google and YouTube for infringing their eight patents in their cloud computing products.
Content includes an overview of what constitutes piracy and information on how piracy and counterfeiting are being combated worldwide, as well as discussion of the recent Kazaa settlement and the closure of many peer-to-peer illegal file-sharing sites.
Music-sharing network Kazaa is set to become a legal service in a landmark decision for the record industry.
After reacting slowly to the increase in free music services on peer-to-peer services like Kazaa, Hollywood film producers and movie studios are starting to embrace the future of digital entertainment.
A variety of digital realia available on Peer-to-Peer networks (P2P), such as Emule, KaZaa and Bittorrent, can enhance the learning process for students of foreign language and culture, and the quality of the instructor's teaching.
Its key products include Enterprise Threat Shield - a suite of security packages offering email filtering, protection against viruses from the web, instant messaging and file sharing networks such as Kazaa.
Skype was founded two years ago by the team behind KaZaA, which provided peer-to-peer filesharing software.
They were receptacles for albums downloaded at home or tracks shared through peer-to-peer networks such as Kazaa and Napster.
After other students uploaded the clip to Kazaa as a prank, the once-private fantasy spread rapidly across the Internet and was downloaded millions of times.
Zennstrom and Friis are also known as the creators of the file sharing service Kazaa.