This enabled Moscow to follow a different set of procedures in defining pomest'e right in the Kazan region, and that in turn allowed Moscow to create a uniquely Kazanian regional service gentry mixing Russians, Tatar mirzas of Chingisid descent, Tatar and Chuvash and Mordvin converts to Christianity (novokreshchene), and unconverted non-Russians.
There are few surviving sources allowing the author to reconstruct the culture and economy of Kazanians before the 1552 conquest or those aspects of culture and economy that continued to be less affected by the state's demands.
It was described from the Biarmian (= Middle Permian) (Lower Kazanian
) deposits of eastern European Russia as a type of the family of its own within the order Protoblattodea next to the family Oryctoblattinidae (= Blattinopseidae) (Martynov 1928).
- Odonatoptera and Archaeorthoptera, the Salagou Fm, between R 300-R 800 the reper levels, could be dated between the Artinskian (Middle Cisuralian) to the Kazanian
(Guadalupian) (Nel et al., 1999a-c; Bethoux, 2003).
Melancholia, as Eng and Kazanian remind us in Loss: The Politics of
(4) Eng and Kazanian offer a "counterintuitive" (5)
Genera included: Type genus, Triadosialis Handlirsch, 1906 with one species from the Olenekian of Germany; Nivopteria Lin, 1978 with one species from the Middle Triassic of China; Paratomia Aristov, 2004 with one species from the Induan of Russia; Protomia Aristov, 2004 with one species from the Kazanian
of Russia; Miralioma Aristov, 2004 with two species from the Kazanian
and Urzhumian of Russia; and monotypic Iphikozulu gen.
This group, known from the Early Permian of Elmo (USA), Early Permian and Late Permian (Kazanian
) of Russia, Late Permian of Brazil, and Late Permian of Australia, is clearly widespread (Huguet et al, 2002).
System Series Stages/Ages Period Epoch TRIASSIC TATARIAN UPPER KAZANIAN
PERMIAN UFIMIAN KUNGURIAN LOWER ARTINSKIAN SAKMARIAN ASSELIAN CARBONIFEROUS Table 2.--The division of the Permian into three series approved in the International Geological Congress in Florence (2004): The Lower or Cisuralian defined in Russia, the Middle or Guadalupian defined in the USA and the Upper or Lopingian defined in China.
The ambiguity of the macrofloral biostratigraphic data is larger than previously supposed and its temporal extension goes from the Late Carboniferous (Gzelian) to the Early Permian (Kazanian
) at least.