Khazars

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Khazars

(khä`zärz), ancient Turkic people who appeared in TranscaucasiaTranscaucasia
, transitional region between Europe and Asia, extending from the Greater Caucasus to the Turkish and Iranian borders, between the Black and Caspian seas. It comprises the Republics of Georgia, Armenia, and Azerbaijan.
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 in the 2d cent. A.D. and subsequently settled in the lower Volga region. They emerged as a force in the 7th cent. and rose to great power. The Khazar empire extended (8th–10th cent.) from the northern shores of the Black Sea and the Caspian Sea to the Urals and as far westward as Kiev. Itil, the Khazar capital in the Volga delta, was a great commercial center. The Khazars conquered the Volga Bulgars and the Crimea, levied tribute from the eastern Slavs, and warred with the Arabs, Persians, and Armenians. Religious tolerance was complete in the Khazar empire, which reached a relatively high degree of civilization. In the 8th cent. the Khazar nobility embraced Judaism, and Cyril and MethodiusCyril and Methodius, Saints
, d. 869 and 884, respectively, Greek missionaries, brothers, called Apostles to the Slavs and fathers of Slavonic literature. Their history and influence are obscured by conflicting legends.
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 made some Christian converts among them in the 9th cent. In the 10th cent. the Khazars entered into friendly relations with the Byzantine EmpireByzantine Empire,
successor state to the Roman Empire (see under Rome), also called Eastern Empire and East Roman Empire. It was named after Byzantium, which Emperor Constantine I rebuilt (A.D. 330) as Constantinople and made the capital of the entire Roman Empire.
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, which attempted to use them in the struggle against the Arabs. The Khazar empire fell when SviatoslavSviatoslav
or Svyatoslav
, d. 972, duke of Kiev (945–72), son of Igor and of St. Olga. His mother acted as regent for him until c.962, when he came of age.
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, duke of Kiev, defeated its army in 965. The Khazars (or Chazars) are believed by some to have been the ancestors of many East European Jews.

Khazars

 

a nomadic Turkic-speaking people who appeared in Eastern Europe in the fourth century, after the invasion of the Huns. In the 560’s, the Khazars were subjugated by the Turkic Kaganate. The Khazar Kaganate was formed in the mid-seventh century; after it fell, the Khazars intermingled with other nomadic Turkic peoples.

REFERENCE

Artamonov, M. I. Istoriia khazar. Leningrad, 1962.
References in periodicals archive ?
Slovak biathletes Fialkova, Kuzmina, Matej Kazar and Martin Otenas did not finish Tuesday's four-member mixed relay race for 2 x 6 km and 2 x 7.
It's also available at all the Group's international brands like New Look, Reiss, Lipsy, Koton, Steve Madden, Dune, Kurt Geiger, Yours, Blocco 31, Ecco, Kazar, Nose, Pablosky, Puket, Aerosoles and Carpisa.
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Their parents, Kazar and Nevart, were Genocide survivors who came to this country and committed themselves and their daughters to remembering and honoring their heritage and culture.
Manninger J, Kazar G, Fekete G, Fekete K, Frenyo S, Gyarfas F, et al.
Baskan EB, Kazar SD, Turan A, Saricaoglu H, Tunali S, Adim SB.
At the end of the clash, police officers ysa ypek and Serdar Kazar were killed while two terrorists, who were trying to enter the police from back side of the building, were killed.
Abdullah and Okba Kazar, Implementation of cloud computing approach based On mobile agents",In International Journal of Computer and IT, Vol.
The new shops to start trading on May 14 include: OMEGA, Koraba, Damas, Victoria's Secrets Beauty & Accessories, Jo Malone, Pink, Kiehl's Reiss, Starbucks, Teavana, Banana Republic, Lacoste, Kazar, DKNY Women, Brooks Brothers, L.
Na abertura do livro apresenta um "Manual do Usuario" que evoca Julio Cortazar (Jogo da Amarelinha, 1963) e Milorad Pavitch (Dicionario Kazar, 1984), lembrando que o leitor pode iniciar a leitura em qualquer ponto, avanando ou recuando, embaralhando deliberadamente sincronia e diacronia; deixando-lhe a tarefa de configurar o "seu" ano de 1926.
Despite the rationalisations of the politico-military configuration of Christendom and Islam that the Kazar ruler seeks to play off one another to the best advantage of his state and people, Judah Halevi presents each of the antagonistic figures in a complexity that transcends these geopolitical considerations; and thus directs the conclusion of the argument to favour Judaism in its post-Temple rabbinical form, while the author shows how original to biblical and Talmudic tradition are some of Halevi's ideas derived from Christian and Muslim sources.
Clinical psychologists Alberts, Ebbe, and Kazar offer this guide to the benefits and process of seeking certification from the American Board of Professional Psychology (AABP).