Kazarnovskii Isaak Abramovich

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Kazarnovskii Isaak Abramovich


Born Sept. 17 (29), 1890, in Nikolaev, Soviet chemist; corresponding member of the Academy of Sciences of the USSR (1939). Graduated from the University of Zurich in 1914. He has been a researcher at the L. Ia. Karpov Physicochemical Institute since 1922.

Kazarnovskii’s main research was on the theory of formation and structure of metal hydrides, chlorides, and oxides. He discovered a number of new oxides, among them Na02 (1936) and K0 3 and Na0 3 (1949–51), elucidated their mechanism of formation, and proposed a new systematics for peroxides. He identified a new mechanism of formation of hydrogen peroxide from free hydroxyl radicals, as well as the mechanism of dissociation and oxidizing action of ozone proceeding by means of the ozo-nide ion 0 3− and free hydroxyl (1969).

Kazarnovskii developed industrially useful methods for the production of anhydrous aluminum chloride from clays (1935) and for the production of Na02 (1942), as well as a new method for the regeneration of air. He was awarded the State Prize of the USSR in 1941 and has received two orders, as well as medals.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.