a complex of bronze, silver, and iron objects numbering about 200 pieces, discovered in 1877 by G. D. Filimonov on the territory of the Kazbek station of the Georgian Military Road (the modern-day settlement of Kazbegi, Georgian SSR).
The articles that have been dated include silver goblets and the figurine of a ram, executed in the style of the Achaemenid art of the sixth or fifth century B.c. Objects belonging to the late stage of the Koban culture are bronze vessels, fibulae, figurines of deer, phallic representations of man, hilts and their parts, bronze belts, and iron swords, spears, and bits. The Kazbek treasure is connected with the religious cults of the ancient tribes of the Caucasus. The principal part of the treasure is housed in the State Historical Museum in Moscow; the remainder is in the State Museum of Georgia in Tbilisi.
REFERENCESFilimonov, G. D. “O doistoricheskoi kul’ture v Osetii.” In the book Antropologicheskaia vystavka obshchestva liubitelei estestvoznaniia, an-tropologii i etnografii 1879 g., vol. 2. Moscow, 1878–79.
Amiranashvili, Sh. Ia. Istoriia gruzinskogo iskusstva, vol. 1. Moscow, 1950.
Tallgren, A. M. “Caucasian Monuments: The Kazbek Treasure.” Eurasia septentionalis Antigua, Helsinki, 1930, no. 5.
E. I. KRUPNOV