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Kearney,city (1990 pop. 24,396), seat of Buffalo co., S central Nebr., on the Platte River; inc. 1873. It is a commercial, industrial, and transportation center in an agricultural area. Plastic and metal products, machinery, and transportation equipment are among its manufactures. Fort Kearny (named for Gen. Stephen W. KearnyKearny, Stephen Watts
, 1794–1848, American general in the Mexican War, b. Newark, N.J. At the beginning of the Mexican War he was made commander of the Army of the West with the rank (June, 1846) of brigadier general.
..... Click the link for more information. ), established nearby in 1848 to protect the Oregon TrailOregon Trail,
overland emigrant route in the United States from the Missouri River to the Columbia River country (all of which was then called Oregon). The pioneers by wagon train did not, however, follow any single narrow route.
..... Click the link for more information. , was abandoned in 1871. The site is a state park. A branch of the Univ. of Nebraska and a museum are in the city, and the Great Platte River Road Archway Monument is to the southeast.