Kellogg, Frank

Kellogg, Frank (Billings)

(1856–1937) U.S. senator, cabinet member; born in Potsdam, N.Y. A self-educated Minnesota corporate lawyer, he joined Theodore Roosevelt's administration as a special prosecutor and won several government antitrust cases, notably against Standard Oil (1906–11). A senator (Rep., Minn.; 1917–23) and ambassador to Great Britain (1923–25), he became secretary of state (1925–29), masterminding the multinational Kellogg-Briand pact renouncing war (1928), for which he received the 1929 Nobel Peace Prize. He returned to practicing law, and served on the World Court at the Hague (1930–35).
The Cambridge Dictionary of American Biography, by John S. Bowman. Copyright © Cambridge University Press 1995. Reproduced with permission.
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