Kellogg, Kendrick Bangs
Kellogg, Kendrick Bangs(1934–)
American architect. An innovator of organic architecture, Kellogg built a wide assortment of distinctive buildings, including the Yen House, Wingsweep, the Joshua Tree house, and the Onion House. Public buildings include the Hoshino Wedding Chapel in Japan and the Charthouse restaurants. Kellogg is related to Frederick Law Olmsted, the “Father of Landscape Architecture” (of the 1800s), who was a cousin to Kellogg’s grandfather. Olmsted’s landscape designs were curvilinear and irregular, a significant break from the formal symmetrical patterns of the time, a practice that Kellogg continued. Kellogg’s architecture does not fit neatly into the same category as Frank Lloyd Wright, Bruce Goff, Bart Prince, or other organic architects. The Onion House (1962) is landmark of organic architecture; it was constructed in Kona, Hawaii, for Elizabeth von Beck. With no outside walls, the division between interior and exterior consists of screen or stained glass. The stained glass and the mosaic dining table were built by artist James Hubbell. The curvilinear architecture of the three-dome complex is reminiscent of the fanciful creations of Antonio Gaudí in Spain, while the central fireplaces and geometric lines were influenced by teachings of Frank Lloyd Wright. Each dome is ventilated at the top to take advantage of the natural ocean breezes.
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