Kemerovo


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Kemerovo

(kĕm`ərō'vō), city (1989 pop. 520,000), capital of Kemerovo region, central Siberian Russia, on the Tom River and on a branch of the Trans-Siberian RR. It is a coal-mining center of the Kuznetsk Basin, with important chemical and synthetic fiber industries. It was named Shcheglovsk from 1925 to 1932.

Kemerovo

 

(until 1932, Shcheglovsk), a city, the center of Kemerovo Oblast, RSFSR. It is situated on both banks of the Tom’ River, near where the Iskitim River flows into it. It is connected to the Trans-Siberian Railroad through the Iurga station. The city has a landing on the Tom’. It had a population of 404,000 in 1972 (137,000 in 1939). The city was formed in 1918 through the merger of the villages of Shcheglovo (founded in 1720) and Kemerovo (founded in 1863).

In 1907 the first coal mines began operation. Since the establishment of Soviet power Kemerovo has been transformed into an important industrial center of the Kuznetsk Basin. Chemicals, coal mining, and machine building are its principal industries. In its environs there are coal mines and cuts yielding coal for coking and energy. The New Kemerovo Chemical Combine and the chemical-coking, nitrogen-fertilizer, plastics, and aniline-dye plants are the most important chemical enterprises. There are chemical machine building and electrical engineering plants, as well as plants manufacturing construction machines and electric motors. The food and building-materials industries and light industry are being developed.

The city has developed since the coming of Soviet power. The River Tom’ divides it into two parts—the left bank, where the center of the city is, and the right bank. In accordance with a general plan drawn up in the early 1950’s (by the State Institute on City Planning) there have been constructed large public buildings (the Drama Theater, Palace of Culture, motion picture theaters, and Khimik Stadium), residential districts, and a bridge for motor vehicles across the Tom’ River; public services and amenities have been planned and provided, and greenery has been planted. In 1971 the architect L. S. Grishin and others worked out a new general plan.

The city has polytechnic, pedagogical, medical, cultural, and food-industry institutes, as well as a branch of the All-Union Correspondence Institute of Finance and Economics; technicums of chemical technology, chemistry, industrial pedagogy, the food industry, mechanized accounting, construction, and others, including a mining technicum for evening students; and schools of medicine, music, and culture and education. There are also theaters for drama, musical comedy, and puppet shows, as well as a museum of local lore.

REFERENCES

Spidchenko, K. I. Goroda Kuzbassa (Ekonomiko-geograficheskii ocherk). Moscow, 1947.
Balibalov, I. A. Kemerovo, [3rd ed.]. Kemerovo, 1968.

Kemerovo

a city in S Russia: a major coal-mining centre of the Kuznetsk Basin, with important chemical plants. Pop.: 479 000 (2005 est.)
References in periodicals archive ?
In September 2017, Kemerovo issued a RUB9 billion amortising domestic bond due in 2024 to refinance costly bank loans and extend its debt maturity profile.
The Kemerovo State University has a unique laboratory base recognized by the scientific community of specialists, who will be advisors for the Kyrgyz schoolchildren as part of the proposed projects, according to Executive Director of the Unity Foundation public association, which also provides financial support to the Kyrgyz schoolchildren, Oleg Sernetsky.
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During the expedition to the Azasskaya cave, conference participants gathered indisputable proof that the Shoria mountains are inhabited by the Snow Man," the Daily Mail quoted the Kemerovo region administration as saying.
Some Russian media reports claim the Kemerovo region attack last August has only come into the public domain after numerous arrests following the Krasnodar case, a large-scale investigation which has sparked public outcry.
Of the 312 miners who were below ground at the time of Saturday's first blast, 66 remained about four hours after the explosion as rescue workers tried to bring them out, said Valery Korchagin, a spokesman for the Emergencies Ministry in Kemerovo.
A licence to provide mobile services in the GSM 1800 standard in the Kemerovo Region of Russia has been received by Stek GSM, a mobile operator and subsidiary of Sibirtelecom, a Russian regional telecomms operator.
The network in southwestern Siberia's Kemerovo Region was launched on 12 July.
The -57C mark was recorded in the Kemerovo region about 1,800 miles east of Moscow, while temperatures in much of the rest of Russia east of the Ural Mountains were around -40C.
Russia: Ceiling of a train station in Russia s central coal producing region of Kemerovo collapsed on Sunday during repair work, killing at least one person and injuring 13, the Interfax news agency said.