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Kemerovo(kĕm`ərō'vō), city (1989 pop. 520,000), capital of Kemerovo region, central Siberian Russia, on the Tom River and on a branch of the Trans-Siberian RR. It is a coal-mining center of the Kuznetsk Basin, with important chemical and synthetic fiber industries. It was named Shcheglovsk from 1925 to 1932.
(until 1932, Shcheglovsk), a city, the center of Kemerovo Oblast, RSFSR. It is situated on both banks of the Tom’ River, near where the Iskitim River flows into it. It is connected to the Trans-Siberian Railroad through the Iurga station. The city has a landing on the Tom’. It had a population of 404,000 in 1972 (137,000 in 1939). The city was formed in 1918 through the merger of the villages of Shcheglovo (founded in 1720) and Kemerovo (founded in 1863).
In 1907 the first coal mines began operation. Since the establishment of Soviet power Kemerovo has been transformed into an important industrial center of the Kuznetsk Basin. Chemicals, coal mining, and machine building are its principal industries. In its environs there are coal mines and cuts yielding coal for coking and energy. The New Kemerovo Chemical Combine and the chemical-coking, nitrogen-fertilizer, plastics, and aniline-dye plants are the most important chemical enterprises. There are chemical machine building and electrical engineering plants, as well as plants manufacturing construction machines and electric motors. The food and building-materials industries and light industry are being developed.
The city has developed since the coming of Soviet power. The River Tom’ divides it into two parts—the left bank, where the center of the city is, and the right bank. In accordance with a general plan drawn up in the early 1950’s (by the State Institute on City Planning) there have been constructed large public buildings (the Drama Theater, Palace of Culture, motion picture theaters, and Khimik Stadium), residential districts, and a bridge for motor vehicles across the Tom’ River; public services and amenities have been planned and provided, and greenery has been planted. In 1971 the architect L. S. Grishin and others worked out a new general plan.
The city has polytechnic, pedagogical, medical, cultural, and food-industry institutes, as well as a branch of the All-Union Correspondence Institute of Finance and Economics; technicums of chemical technology, chemistry, industrial pedagogy, the food industry, mechanized accounting, construction, and others, including a mining technicum for evening students; and schools of medicine, music, and culture and education. There are also theaters for drama, musical comedy, and puppet shows, as well as a museum of local lore.
REFERENCESSpidchenko, K. I. Goroda Kuzbassa (Ekonomiko-geograficheskii ocherk). Moscow, 1947.
Balibalov, I. A. Kemerovo, [3rd ed.]. Kemerovo, 1968.