Kemp, Jack French

Kemp, Jack French,

1935–2009, American politician and government official, b. Los Angeles. He played football while at Occidental College (grad. 1957) and was a professional quarterback for 13 seasons (1957–69), primarily with the San Diego Chargers and the Buffalo Bills in the American Football League; when he retired he led the AFL in career passing yards. He also was a cofounder of the American Football League Players Association and its president from 1965 to 1970. A politically active conservative Republican while still a football player, Kemp was elected a U.S. representative from New York in 1970, serving in the House until 1989. He attained national prominence as a champion of supply-side economicssupply-side economics,
economic theory that concentrates on influencing the supply of labor and goods as a path to economic health, rather than approaching the issue through such macroeconomic concerns as gross national product.
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 and urban enterprise zonesenterprise zone,
designated geographical district in which resident businesses are legally entitled to receive special benefits from a government, established in economically depressed areas to encourage companies to locate there.
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, and cowrote the 1981 Kemp-Roth tax cut bill. An unsuccessful candidate for the 1988 Republican presidential nomination, Kemp also tried, with a relative lack of success, to attract African Americans and other minorities to the Republican party ranks. From 1989 to 1993 Kemp was secretary of housing and urban development under President George H. W. BushBush, George Herbert Walker,
1924–2018, 41st President of the United States (1989–93), b. Milton, Mass., B.A., Yale Univ., 1948. Career in Business and Government
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. In 1996, Republican presidential candidate Bob DoleDole, Bob
(Robert Joseph Dole), 1923–, American political leader, b. Russell, Kan.; husband of Elizabeth Hanford Dole. While serving in World War II, he was seriously wounded and required several years of convalescence. After obtaining his law degree from Washburn Univ.
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 chose Kemp as his running mate; they lost to the incumbent Clinton-Gore Democratic ticket.

Bibliography

See biography by M. Kondracke and F. Barnes (2015).

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