Kensington and Chelsea


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Kensington and Chelsea,

inner borough (1991 pop. 127,600) of Greater London, SE England. Kensington is largely residential with fashionable shopping streets and several luxurious hotels. Portobello Road is a well-known street market. The area has undergone extensive urban renewal and contains blocks of large, tall flats. In the borough are three bridges: Battersea, Albert, and Chelsea. A large park, Kensington Gardens, adjoins Hyde Park. The gardens originally were the grounds of Kensington Palace (Nottingham House), partially designed by Christopher WrenWren, Sir Christopher,
1632–1723, English architect. A mathematical prodigy, he studied at Oxford. He was professor of astronomy at Gresham College, London, from 1657 to 1661, when he became Savilian professor of astronomy at Oxford.
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, which was the home of William and Mary, Queen Anne, and George I and George II. Holland HouseHolland House,
residence of the Holland family in Kensington, London, made famous in the first 40 years of the 19th cent. by the hospitality of Henry Fox, 3d Baron Holland, and his wife. Built in 1606, the mansion was bought in 1767 by Henry Fox, grandfather of the 3d baron.
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 was the residence of the Fox family and, for a time, of William PennPenn, Sir William,
1621–70, British admiral. In the English civil war he served in Parliament's naval forces, and he joined the pursuit (1651–52) of Prince Rupert in the Mediterranean.
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. South Kensington is a center of colleges and museums; it is the site of the natural history section of the British MuseumBritish Museum,
the national repository in London for treasures in science and art. Located in the Bloomsbury section of the city, it has departments of antiquities, prints and drawings, coins and medals, and ethnography.
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, the Victoria and Albert MuseumVictoria and Albert Museum,
South Kensington, London, opened in 1852 as the Museum of Manufacturers at Marlborough House. It originally contained a nucleus of contemporary objects of applied art bought from the Great Exhibition of 1851 at the instigation of Prince Albert, and
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, the Science Museum, the Royal College of Art, and the Royal College of Science, among others. Albert Hall, a concert hall, is also there. Chelsea is a literary and artistic quarter. Sir Thomas More, D. G. Rossetti, James Whistler, Charles Dickens, and many others were associated with it. Thomas Carlyle's house is there. Chelsea Old Church, part of which dates from the 13th cent., includes the Chapel of Sir Thomas More (1528). The church, as well as the Royal Hospital for Soldiers also designed (1682–92) by Wren, was badly damaged in World War II.
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Kensington and Chelsea

a borough of Greater London, on the River Thames: Kensington Palace (17th century) and gardens. Pop.: 174 400 (2003 est.). Area: 12 sq. km (5 sq. miles)
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
Dan Wilson Craw, director of Generation Rent, a group that campaigns for affordable housing in communities said: "There's a huge gap between the people who want to buy multi-million pound properties in Kensington and Chelsea and people who have ordinary jobs and struggle to afford a home in the place they grew up in.
Andrew Mason, mortgage director at Lloyds, said seven addresses in the borough of Westminster and the borough of Kensington and Chelsea came with an average price tag of more than PS11m.
Four of the sculptures were parked at exclusive addresses around Kensington and Chelsea, finished in shades of copper, red and blue.
Kensington and Chelsea council, Grenfell's owner, said: "This will be a matter for the public inquiry and to comment further could risk prejudicing the police investigation." Meanwhile, it was reported that 30 high rises still fail to meet fire safety building regulations, despite removal of cladding.
Emma Will, of Kensington and Chelsea Council, said: "Traumatic memories can be revived by many sensations - a sight, a smell, a noise.
"After an initial assessment of that information, the officer leading the investigation has today notified Royal Borough of Kensington and Chelsea and the Kensington and Chelsea Tenant Management Organisation that there are reasonable grounds to suspect that each organisation may have committed the offence of corporate manslaughter under the Corporate Manslaughter and Corporate Homicide Act 2007."
Robert Black, chief executive of Kensington and Chelsea Tenant Management Organisation, which manages Grenfell Tower, also stepped down so he could "concentrate on assisting with the investigation and inquiry".
The BBC said Kensington and Chelsea Council and the Kensington and Chelsea Tenant Management Organisation have been told there are grounds for considering charges against them.
Communities Secretary Sajid Javid sidestepped pleas to send commissioners to seize control of Kensington and Chelsea council, amid claims the authority "couldn't run a bath".
Kensington and Chelsea are so posh in fact that David and Victoria Beckham, Nigella Lawson and Kylie Minogue have all owned luxury pads in the borough at some point.