Kenyon, William Squire

Kenyon, William Squire,

1869–1933, U.S. Senator (1911–22) from Iowa, b. Elyria, Ohio. He practiced law at Fort Dodge, Iowa, was county prosecutor, and became a state district court judge before serving (1910–11) as assistant to the U.S. Attorney General. He was elected to the U.S. Senate in 1911 and served there until 1922. Kenyon immediately joined the Republican insurgents, was the coauthor of the Webb-Kenyon Act (1913) prohibiting the shipment of intoxicating beverages in interstate commerce, and was the first leader of the Senate farm bloc. Kenyon later served (1922–33) as judge of the U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals and was (1929–30) a member of the Wickersham Commission (see Wickersham, George WoodwardWickersham, George Woodward,
1858–1936, American lawyer and government official, b. Pittsburgh. He began law practice in Philadelphia, and after moving (1882) to New York City, he became a prominent corporation lawyer. As U.S.
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Kenyon, William Squire

(1869–1933) U.S. senator, judge; born in Elyria, Ohio. A lawyer, he served in the U.S. Senate (Rep., Ohio; 1911–22), where as a progressive he supported labor and the "farm bloc." Appointed a U.S. circuit judge (1922–23), he canceled the leases that Secretary of Interior Albert Fall had granted in what was known as the Teapot Dome scandal.
The Cambridge Dictionary of American Biography, by John S. Bowman. Copyright © Cambridge University Press 1995. Reproduced with permission.