Keratoplasty


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keratoplasty

[′ker·əd·ō‚plas·tē]
(medicine)
A plastic operation on the cornea, especially the transplantation of a portion of the cornea.

Keratoplasty

 

an operation involving corneal grafting.

It is performed when there are persistent opacities (leukomas) of the cornea that cause a severe decrease in vision, in order to partially or completely restore vision. Sometimes keratoplasty is resorted to also for cosmetic reasons. In keratoplasty the altered cornea is excised and in its place a disk of similar shape and size is grafted that is taken from the cornea of a person whose eye was removed for other reasons.

References in periodicals archive ?
The time interval between cataract surgery and Descemet stripping endothelial keratoplasty (DSEK) is a critical factor in determining long term success and a minimum 36 month waiting period after cataract is essential for optimal outcomes.
The corneas can be prepared for lamellar keratoplasty after storage in both types of media.
Influence of donor characteristics on descemet membrane endothelial keratoplasty. Cornea.
Precut tissue in Descemet's stripping automated endothelial keratoplasty donor characteristics and early postoperative complications.
Intraocular pressure and corneal biomechanics in Fuchs' endothelial dystrophy and after posterior lamellar keratoplasty. Acta Ophthalmologica 2014; 92: 350-4.
It's worth mentioning that Dr Zaman Shah also carried out a new transplant procedure DALK (Deep anterior lamellar keratoplasty), DALK and pd _DALK are for keratoconus and DMEK procedure for decompensated cornea, in this surgical technique the chances of graft rejection are minimal and cornea works for lifetime.
Patients with or without penetrating keratoplasty were included in the study for whom phacoemulsification surgery was performed due to cataract and prophylactic intracameral cefuroxime solution (Aprokam ([R])) was administered.
Shtein, "Descemet's stripping endothelial keratoplasty: safety and outcomes: a report by the American Academy of Ophthalmology," Ophthalmology, vol.
Even more detrimental is that PKP has a much poorer prognosis for survival than initial keratoplasty [17].
"Endothelial Keratoplasty" from world renowned pioneers and prolific authors Amar Agarwal and Terry Kim, reflects their many years of combined expertise and hundreds of works in the literature.
Descemet's membrane endothelial keratoplasty (DMEK) is a valuable method of corneal transplantation that corrects corneal endothelial dysfunction [1, 2].
Artigo "Lamellar keratoplasty in rabbits using an allogeneic free omental graft and omentum-derived mesenchymal cells associated with the canine amniotic membrane" publicado no fasciculo v46n10 de outubro de 2016 da Ciencia Rural, onde se lia: