Kerch Strait

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Kerch Strait,

shallow channel, c.25 mi (40 km) long, connecting the Sea of Azov with the Black Sea and separating Crimea in the west from Russia's Taman Peninsula in the east. Its northern end, opening into the Sea of Azov, is narrowed to a width of from 2 to 3 mi (3.2–4.8 km) by the narrow Chuska landspit; the southern end, opening into the Black Sea, is c.9 mi (14 km) wide. Its arm, the Taman Gulf, penetrates east into the Taman Peninsula. The city of KerchKerch
, city (1989 pop. 174,000), E Crimea. It lies on the Kerch Strait of the Black Sea and at the eastern end of the Kerch Peninsula, a strip of land between the Sea of Azov and the Black Sea.
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 lies near the middle of the strait, on the Crimean side. In 2003, Russia's building of a sea dike from the S Taman Peninsula toward Ukraine's Tuzla island in the strait provoked a crisis; construction was stopped, and a subsequent accord allowed for joint use of the strait and called for the delimiting of the Russian-Ukrainian border. The island's status as a part of Ukraine, however, was disputed in 2005 by Russian officials. Tuzla and the Kerch Strait passed to Russian control in 2014 after the occupation and annexation of Crimea. A 10.5-mi (16.9-km) road bridge and an 11.9-mi (19-km) rail bridge across the strait now connect Crimea with Russia. The strait was the Cimmerian Bosporus of the ancients; it is also known by its Tatar name, Yenikale.
The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2013, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Kerch’ Strait


a strait running between the Kerch’ Peninsula in the west and the Taman’ Peninsula in the east; it connects the Black Sea and the Sea of Azov. Length, approximately 41 km; width, 4–15 km.

The shores of the Kerch’ Strait consist partially of lowlands with sandbars, but in places there are cliffs and rocks. During the winter the Kerch’ Strait is covered with floating ice. On the western coast there is the important port of Kerch’. There is transportation across the strait by means of steamships and a railroad ferry, which links the port of Kerch’ with the Caucasus coast.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Summary: TEHRAN (FNA)- Kiev's provocation in the Kerch Strait, when Ukrainian Navy ships illegally crossed the Russian border and as a result were seized by Russian border guards, has been successful in terms of boosting Ukrainian President Petro Poroshenko's ratings ahead of next year's election, Russian President Vladimir Putin stated.
She called on Russia to open Kerch Strait that links the Sea of Azov with the Black Sea and allow Ukrainian ships to reach the coastal Ukrainian city of Mariupol, situated on the north coast of the Sea of Azov.
The adoption of the resolution comes in the wake of the Kerch Strait incident where three of Ukraine's vessels were impounded by Russia when they entered the Kerch Strait, despite warnings issued by the Russian side.
Summary: TEHRAN (FNA)- The United States calls on Europe to look at a possibility of imposing additional anti-Russian sanction following the recent incident in the Kerch Strait, US Special Representative for Ukraine Negotiations Kurt Volker said at a briefing in Brussels on Monday.
WASHINGTON, Nov 28 (KUNA) -- US President Donald Trump threatened Tuesday that he would cancel his scheduled meeting with Russian President Vladimir Putin on the sidelines of the G20 summit in Argentina later this week due to Russia's aggression against Ukraine in the Black Sea near the Kerch Strait. In an interview with the Washington Post newspaper, Trump said he was awaiting a "full report" from his national security team about Russia's capture of three Ukrainian naval ships and their crews in the Black Sea on Sunday.
As Bolton said, the US Administration believed that another personal meeting between Trump and Putin would be impossible as long as Moscow held Ukraine's naval ships intercepted in the Kerch Strait.
The European Council (EUCO) also called for the "immediate release of all detained Ukrainian seaman, the return of vessels and free passage of all ships through the Kerch strait."
NEW YORK, Nov 27 (KUNA) -- UN Secretary-General Antonio Guterres has expressed deep concern over the 25 November incident near the Crimean Peninsula in the Black Sea at the approach to the Kerch Strait and involving Ukrainian and Russian vessels.
Summary: Kiev [Ukraine], Dec 10 (ANI): Ukraine has decided to terminate the 1997 Russian-Ukrainian Friendship Treaty in the wake of the Kerch Strait incident with President Petro Poroshenko signing law number 206 to terminate the treaty on Monday.