Kerguelen


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Kerguelen

(kûr`gəlĕn, Fr. kĕrgālĕn`), subantarctic island of volcanic origin, 1,318 sq mi (3,414 sq km), in the S Indian Ocean, c.3,300 mi (5,310 km) SE of the southern tip of Africa; largest of the 300 Kerguelen Islands (total area c.2,700 sq mi/7,000 sq km), part of the French Southern and Antarctic LandsFrench Southern and Antarctic Lands,
overseas territory of France, including Adélie Land, which covers c.200,000 sq mi (520,000 sq km) in Antarctica, and a number of islands in the S Indian Ocean. The largest of these is Kerguelen (1,318 sq mi/3,414 sq km).
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. Kerguelen Island rises in the south to Mt. Rose (6,120 ft/1,865 m), and Cook Glacier covers its western third. Glacial lakes, peat marshes, lignite, and guano deposits are found on the island; it also has seals, rabbits, wild hogs, and wild dogs. The island, famous for the native Kerguelen cabbage, is used mainly as a research station and a seal-hunting and whaling base. Kerguelen was discovered in 1772 by the French navigator Yves Joseph de Kerguélen-Trémarec, who named it Desolation Island. It has belonged to France since 1893.

Kerguelen

 

an archipelago in the southern Indian Ocean. It belongs to France and consists of one large island (Kerguelen) and about 300 small ones. Total area, approximately 7,000 sq km.

The islands are the peaks of the underwater Kerguelen-Gaussberg Ridge. They are composed mostly of basalts that form plateaus (elevation, 300–600 m) with individual volcanic peaks as high as 1,965 m. The climate is subantarctic and cold; annual precipitation is approximately 1,000 mm. There are constant strong winds. The archipelago has sparse grassy vegetation. In the central part of Kerguelen Island there are large ice sheets (measuring up to 500 sq km). Seals are hunted, and a French geophysical station is located on one of the islands. The archipelago was discovered in 1772 by the French navigator Y. J. de Kerguélen-Trémarec (1734–97).

REFERENCE

Aubert de la Rüe. Dva goda na ostravakh Otchaianiia. Moscow, 1957. (Translated from French.)

Kerguelen

an archipelago in the S Indian Ocean: consists of one large volcanic island (Kerguelen or Desolation Island) and 300 small islands; part of the French Southern and Antarctic Territories
References in periodicals archive ?
The Kerguelen archipelago, one of France's sub-Antarctic islands in the Indian Ocean, where the Paul-Emile Victor Polar Institute is seeking recruits for its research station.
On finding Augusta, the captain tells her of Kerguelen Island and remarks that if she is "making up romances" she "won't find anything better than this" (59).
Though discovered in 1772 by Yves-Joseph Tremarec de Kerguelen, it was James Cook's chart of Kerguelen Island on his third voyage in 1776, that some years later lead to the interest of American sealers in that place (Fig.
Guerin F, Laville A, Daniellou F, Duraffourg J, Kerguelen A.
Guinet, 2010: Linking foraging behaviour to physical oceanographic structures: Southern elephant seals and mesoscale eddies east of Kerguelen Islands.
Kerguelen knotroot bristle grass Sorghum halepense (L.
Specifically, populations from southern Chile, Kerguelen, Tasmania, and New Zealand were found to be different and were found to have diverged from the northern clade between 0.
Among the topics discussed are geochemical and geochronological constraints on the evolution of the Azores Plateau, the Shatsky Rise ocean plateau structure from two-dimensional multi-channel seismic reflection profiles and implications for oceanic plateau formation, lithium isotope evidence for magmatic assimilation of hydrothermally influenced crust beneath oceanic large igneous provinces, topographic expression of the Danger Islands Troughs and implications for tectonic evolution of the Manihiki Plateau in the western equatorial Pacific Ocean, and environmental consequences of Ontong Java Plateau and Kerguelen Plateau volcanism.
An abandoned station on lies Kerguelen in the southern Indian Ocean had already been similarly used.