Kerguelen(redirected from Kerguelen Islands)
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Kerguelen(kûr`gəlĕn, Fr. kĕrgālĕn`), subantarctic island of volcanic origin, 1,318 sq mi (3,414 sq km), in the S Indian Ocean, c.3,300 mi (5,310 km) SE of the southern tip of Africa; largest of the 300 Kerguelen Islands (total area c.2,700 sq mi/7,000 sq km), part of the French Southern and Antarctic LandsFrench Southern and Antarctic Lands,
overseas territory of France, including Adélie Land, which covers c.200,000 sq mi (520,000 sq km) in Antarctica, and a number of islands in the S Indian Ocean. The largest of these is Kerguelen (1,318 sq mi/3,414 sq km).
..... Click the link for more information. . Kerguelen Island rises in the south to Mt. Rose (6,120 ft/1,865 m), and Cook Glacier covers its western third. Glacial lakes, peat marshes, lignite, and guano deposits are found on the island; it also has seals, rabbits, wild hogs, and wild dogs. The island, famous for the native Kerguelen cabbage, is used mainly as a research station and a seal-hunting and whaling base. Kerguelen was discovered in 1772 by the French navigator Yves Joseph de Kerguélen-Trémarec, who named it Desolation Island. It has belonged to France since 1893.
an archipelago in the southern Indian Ocean. It belongs to France and consists of one large island (Kerguelen) and about 300 small ones. Total area, approximately 7,000 sq km.
The islands are the peaks of the underwater Kerguelen-Gaussberg Ridge. They are composed mostly of basalts that form plateaus (elevation, 300–600 m) with individual volcanic peaks as high as 1,965 m. The climate is subantarctic and cold; annual precipitation is approximately 1,000 mm. There are constant strong winds. The archipelago has sparse grassy vegetation. In the central part of Kerguelen Island there are large ice sheets (measuring up to 500 sq km). Seals are hunted, and a French geophysical station is located on one of the islands. The archipelago was discovered in 1772 by the French navigator Y. J. de Kerguélen-Trémarec (1734–97).