Kerguelen

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Related to Kerguelen Islands: Crozet Islands

Kerguelen

(kûr`gəlĕn, Fr. kĕrgālĕn`), subantarctic island of volcanic origin, 1,318 sq mi (3,414 sq km), in the S Indian Ocean, c.3,300 mi (5,310 km) SE of the southern tip of Africa; largest of the 300 Kerguelen Islands (total area c.2,700 sq mi/7,000 sq km), part of the French Southern and Antarctic LandsFrench Southern and Antarctic Lands,
overseas territory of France, including Adélie Land, which covers c.200,000 sq mi (520,000 sq km) in Antarctica, and a number of islands in the S Indian Ocean. The largest of these is Kerguelen (1,318 sq mi/3,414 sq km).
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. Kerguelen Island rises in the south to Mt. Rose (6,120 ft/1,865 m), and Cook Glacier covers its western third. Glacial lakes, peat marshes, lignite, and guano deposits are found on the island; it also has seals, rabbits, wild hogs, and wild dogs. The island, famous for the native Kerguelen cabbage, is used mainly as a research station and a seal-hunting and whaling base. Kerguelen was discovered in 1772 by the French navigator Yves Joseph de Kerguélen-Trémarec, who named it Desolation Island. It has belonged to France since 1893.

Kerguelen

 

an archipelago in the southern Indian Ocean. It belongs to France and consists of one large island (Kerguelen) and about 300 small ones. Total area, approximately 7,000 sq km.

The islands are the peaks of the underwater Kerguelen-Gaussberg Ridge. They are composed mostly of basalts that form plateaus (elevation, 300–600 m) with individual volcanic peaks as high as 1,965 m. The climate is subantarctic and cold; annual precipitation is approximately 1,000 mm. There are constant strong winds. The archipelago has sparse grassy vegetation. In the central part of Kerguelen Island there are large ice sheets (measuring up to 500 sq km). Seals are hunted, and a French geophysical station is located on one of the islands. The archipelago was discovered in 1772 by the French navigator Y. J. de Kerguélen-Trémarec (1734–97).

REFERENCE

Aubert de la Rüe. Dva goda na ostravakh Otchaianiia. Moscow, 1957. (Translated from French.)

Kerguelen

an archipelago in the S Indian Ocean: consists of one large volcanic island (Kerguelen or Desolation Island) and 300 small islands; part of the French Southern and Antarctic Territories
References in periodicals archive ?
Description of a new subspecies of Commerson's dolphin, Cephalorhynchus commersonii (Lacepede, 1804), inhabiting the coastal waters of the Kerguelen Islands.
The unexpected topics --such as why you could never dig a hole to China but could reach the Kerguelen Islands if you started in Shelby, Montana--will keep even professionals interested.
Assa Abloy, djuice dragons and Team News Corp traded places in the overall lead as they tramped east, the fleet dividing as it passed the Kerguelen Islands, with djuice dragrons, Amer Sports One and News Corp going south.
It is formed by (i) the Crozet Archipelago, (ii) the Kerguelen Islands, (iii) the Saint-Paul and Amsterdam Islands, (iv) and Terre Adlie (v) Scattered Islands (Glorieuses, Juan de Nova, Europa and Bassas da India in the Mozambique channel and Tromelin North of Reunion).
The book, published in 1898 by Sampson Low Marston & Co, tells the story of a journey around the remote Kerguelen Islands in the south Indian Ocean.
The aims of the article are to give (1) an overview of the true direct development of this brood-protecting spatangoid that is endemic to the Kerguelen Islands (South Indian Ocean, 70 [degrees] 12 [minutes] E, 49 [degrees] 21 [minutes] S) and (2) preliminary evidence for a new mode of gastrulation.
Thus, samples of plumage and nests and VOCs will be collected from breeding birds in the Kerguelen Islands, Southern Indian Ocean.
Occurrence of the cephalopod Martialia hyadesi (Teuthoidea: Ommastrephidae) at the Kerguelen Islands in the Indian Ocean sector of the Southern Ocean.
In 1992, the National Centre for Space Studies has installed a satellite tracking station at Kerguelen Islands.
On the other hand, Common Diving Petrels (Pelecanoides urinatrix) are coastal feeders, especially at Kerguelen Island (Weimerskirch et al.