Kermanshah


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Related to Kermanshah: Sanandaj

Kermanshah

(kĕrmän'shä`), city (1991 pop. 624,084), capital of Kermanshah prov., W Iran. It is the trade center for a rich agricultural region that produces grain, rice, vegetables, fruits, and oilseed. Manufactures include carpets, canvas shoes, textiles, refined petroleum, refined sugar, and other processed foods. Kermanshah has numerous caravansaries that are crowded semiannually with Shiite pilgrims to Karbala, Iraq. Kurds form the majority of the population. Kermanshah was founded by the Sassanids in the 4th cent. A.D. and became a secondary royal residence. It was captured by the Arabs in the 7th cent. Later it was a frontier fortress against the Ottoman Turks, who occupied it a number of times, including the period from 1915 to 1917. Nearby are the famed Behistun InscriptionsBehistun Inscription
or Bisutun Inscription
, cuneiform text, the decipherment of which was the key to all cuneiform script and opened to scholars the study of the written works of ancient Mesopotamia.
..... Click the link for more information.
 and notable Sassanian rock reliefs.
The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2013, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved. www.cc.columbia.edu/cu/cup/
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Kermanshah

 

a city in western Iran; administrative center of the ostan (province) of Kermanshah.

Population, 190,000 (1971).

A highway links Kermanshah with Tehran. The city is a commercial and transport center. It has an oil refinery, oil being supplied by pipeline from the Naft-i-Shah oil field. Other leading branches of the local economy include the sugar and textile industries and carpet weaving.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Both Iranian male and female karate teams won an international shotokan karate competition which was held in the Western Iranian province of Kermanshah.
Sunday night's earthquake struck near Sarpol-e Zahab in Iran's Kermanshah province
LAUNCHES--The Pasdaran released this photo of it launching six missiles from near Kermanshah to attack the Islamic State in Syria.
Kermanshah governor Houshang Bazvand told state broadcaster IRIB that two people were killed and 255 injured.
The majority of the casualties were in the city of Tazehabad, northeast of Kermanshah, according to Tasnim.
Governor of Kermanshah province Hushang Bazvand thanked the President Berdimuhamedov for assistance.
TEHRAN, July 22 (KUNA) -- A number of 40 people were injured in a 5.9-magnitude earthquake hitting western Kermanshah province, said Iranian media Sunday.
A comprehensive analysis of mutations of the PAH gene in 18 western Iranian PKU patients (predominantly from Kermanshah, Hamadan, and Lorestan provinces) was performed and the results were compared with similar studies in Iran.
The tremor hit the Iranian province of Kermanshah where an earthquake killed 620 people in November, Iranian state TV said, adding that rescue teams had been dispatched to the region.
In Kermanshah, a Kurdish town in Iran's northwest, the protests on Friday were a classic scene of revolt: Young men in battered clothes shouting and hurling rocks at the police as a water cannon sprayed an ineffective mist over their heads.
The number of deaths in a major earthquake that hit Iran's western province of Kermanshah this month has risen to 483 and more than 12,000 were injured, according to a new toll.