Kermanshah

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Kermanshah

(kĕrmän'shä`), city (1991 pop. 624,084), capital of Kermanshah prov., W Iran. It is the trade center for a rich agricultural region that produces grain, rice, vegetables, fruits, and oilseed. Manufactures include carpets, canvas shoes, textiles, refined petroleum, refined sugar, and other processed foods. Kermanshah has numerous caravansaries that are crowded semiannually with Shiite pilgrims to Karbala, Iraq. Kurds form the majority of the population. Kermanshah was founded by the Sassanids in the 4th cent. A.D. and became a secondary royal residence. It was captured by the Arabs in the 7th cent. Later it was a frontier fortress against the Ottoman Turks, who occupied it a number of times, including the period from 1915 to 1917. Nearby are the famed Behistun InscriptionsBehistun Inscription
or Bisutun Inscription
, cuneiform text, the decipherment of which was the key to all cuneiform script and opened to scholars the study of the written works of ancient Mesopotamia.
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 and notable Sassanian rock reliefs.
The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2013, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved. www.cc.columbia.edu/cu/cup/
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Kermanshah

 

a city in western Iran; administrative center of the ostan (province) of Kermanshah.

Population, 190,000 (1971).

A highway links Kermanshah with Tehran. The city is a commercial and transport center. It has an oil refinery, oil being supplied by pipeline from the Naft-i-Shah oil field. Other leading branches of the local economy include the sugar and textile industries and carpet weaving.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
(7) Nosocomial Infection Research Center, Faculty of Medicine, Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences, Kermanshah, Iran.
The case-control study was conducted from June to November 2016 at Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences, Kermanshah, Iran, and comprised T2DM patients and healthy controls matched in terms of age and gender.
3- Department of Biostatistics and Epidemiology, Social Development and Health Promotion Research Center, Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences, Kermanshah, Iran
Our study population included all wives of men with substance-related disorders (who were referred to a substance replacement maintenance treatment center) in Kermanshah, Iran. Substance-related disorders in the husbands were confirmed by thin layer chromatography of urine and an interview (based on DSM-5 criteria).
Mailing address: Sleep Disorders Research Center, Farabi Hospital, Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences, Kermanshah, Iran. Postcode: PO Box 6719851151.
(1) Department of Endodontics, School of Dentistry, Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences, Kermanshah, Iran
(2) Professor in Pediatric Nephrology, Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences, Kermanshah, Iran
(1) Dermatology Department, Hajdaie Dermatology Clinic, Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences (KUMS), Kermanshah, Iran. (2) Imam Reza Hospital, Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences (KUMS), Kermanshah, Iran.
Iranian Security Ministry said in a statement on Friday that the suspects were detained in Kermanshah, Iran's Kurdistan, West Azerbaijan and Tehran.
PCR reaction was performed for survey the presence of the pertinent gene in 100 specimens isolated from hospitals of Kermanshah, Iran. Among 100 clinical isolates of Brucella, 54 (54%) had cep gene (Table 1, Figure1).
(1) Member faculty of department of accounting, college of humanity, Kermanshah branch, Islamic Azad University, Kermanshah, Iran