Kermanshah

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Kermanshah

(kĕrmän'shä`), city (1991 pop. 624,084), capital of Kermanshah prov., W Iran. It is the trade center for a rich agricultural region that produces grain, rice, vegetables, fruits, and oilseed. Manufactures include carpets, canvas shoes, textiles, refined petroleum, refined sugar, and other processed foods. Kermanshah has numerous caravansaries that are crowded semiannually with Shiite pilgrims to Karbala, Iraq. Kurds form the majority of the population. Kermanshah was founded by the Sassanids in the 4th cent. A.D. and became a secondary royal residence. It was captured by the Arabs in the 7th cent. Later it was a frontier fortress against the Ottoman Turks, who occupied it a number of times, including the period from 1915 to 1917. Nearby are the famed Behistun InscriptionsBehistun Inscription
or Bisutun Inscription
, cuneiform text, the decipherment of which was the key to all cuneiform script and opened to scholars the study of the written works of ancient Mesopotamia.
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 and notable Sassanian rock reliefs.

Kermanshah

 

a city in western Iran; administrative center of the ostan (province) of Kermanshah.

Population, 190,000 (1971).

A highway links Kermanshah with Tehran. The city is a commercial and transport center. It has an oil refinery, oil being supplied by pipeline from the Naft-i-Shah oil field. Other leading branches of the local economy include the sugar and textile industries and carpet weaving.

References in periodicals archive ?
3) PhD Candidate, Clinical Research Development Centre, Imam Khomeini Hospital, Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences, Kermanshah, Iran.
1) Dermatology Department, Hajdaie Dermatology Clinic, Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences (KUMS), Kermanshah, Iran.
Our study represents the patients with schizophrenia who were admitted to Farabi Hospital, Kermanshah, Iran, and therefore caution is needed in generalizing the results.
Corresponding Author: Babak Jamshidi Navid, Member faculty of department of accounting, college of humanity, Kermanshah branch, Islamic Azad University, Kermanshah, Iran
Agricultural Engineering-Irrigation at Razi University, Kermanshah, Iran in 2006 and M.
Methods: The descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted in Kermanshah, Iran, during 2006-7.
1-5: Medical School, Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences, Kermanshah, Iran.
3) Environmental Engineering Department, Public Health School, Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences, Kermanshah, Iran
3] MSC, Paramedical School, Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences, Kermanshah, Iran.
Hannibal Alkhas was born in 1930 in Kermanshah, Iran and is the son of the famous Assyrian writer Rabi Adai Alkhas.