Kernig's sign


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Related to Kernig's sign: Brudzinski's sign, Murphy's sign

Kernig's sign

[′kər·nigz ‚sin]
(medicine)
In meningeal irritation, with the patient lying face up and the thigh flexed at the hip, the pain and spasm of the hamstring muscles when an attempt is made to completely extend the leg at the knee.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
References in periodicals archive ?
Neurological examination revealed no neck stiffness or Kernig's sign, while left homonym hemianopsia, left central facial paralysis, left hemiplegia and hemi hypoesthesia were detected.
On physical exam, one may identify Brudzinski's sign (when the neck is passively flexed, the hips flex), Kernig's sign (hip flexion and extension of the knee results in pain in the posterior trunk and legs), signs of increased intracranial pressure and/or focal neurological signs.
Meningeal signs, such as Kernig's sign and Brudsinski's sign, as well as rigidity of occipital muscles were negative.
Spinal irritation associated with meningitis is evident as a positive Kernig's sign. The nurse assesses for this sign by