Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Medical, Wikipedia.


, kerosine
1. a liquid mixture consisting mainly of alkane hydrocarbons with boiling points in the range 150?--300?C, used as an aircraft fuel, in domestic heaters, and as a solvent
2. the general name for paraffin as a fuel for jet aircraft



a fraction of petroleum that boils away between 200° and 300°C; it is used for domestic purposes as a stove or motor fuel.

Kerosine is manufactured with various fractional compositions and properties, depending on its purpose. Lamp kerosine is made in two main grades: light and heavy (pironaft). Light kerosine (density, 830 kg/m3; flash point, 40°C) is used domestically in lamps, oil stoves, and primus stoves; heavy kerosine (density, 860 kg/m3; flash point, 90°C) presents a lesser fire hazard and is used for lighting boiler rooms, shafts, storerooms, small boats, lighthouses, and beacons. Special grades of kerosine are made with a flash point of 40°C (98 percent boiling up to 315°C); they are used for coal flotation and as a raw material for pyrolysis.

Kerosine is also used for firing glass and porcelain ware, for washing parts, and for heating. This type is called industrial kerosine. Its properties differ slightly from those of other kerosine grades, except for the flash point (28°C) and sulfur content (up to 1 percent). Kerosine is sometimes used as a tractor fuel (tractor kerosine). Kerosine petroleum fractions are widely used as jet fuel.


Nefteprodukty: Tekhnicheskie usloviia. Moscow, 1970.
Tovarnye nefteprodukty, ikh svoistva i primenenie. Edited by N. G. Puchkov. Moscow, 1971.



A refined petroleum fraction used as a fuel for heating and cooking, jet engines, lamps, and weed burning and as a base for insecticides; specific gravity is about 0.8; components are mostly paraffinic and naphthenic hydrocarbons in the C10 to C14 range. Also known as lamp oil.
References in periodicals archive ?
7m t/y distillation unit with a Russian process, a 750,000 t/y vacuum distillation unit, a kerosine desulphuriser, an 80,000 t/y lube oil unit and a gasoil hydrotreater - all using a process from IFP.
But QA claims to be the first airline to use GTL kerosine on an ordinary scheduled flight with paying passengers.
28 94 97 SHELL'S PROCEEDS OVER ROTTERDAM BULK MARKET PRICE US$/barrel Shell Rotterdam Shell Shell Rotterdam Shell Kerosine Kerosine Minus Gas Oil Gas Oil Minus Rotterdam Rotterdam 1988 23.
Sales of other consumer fuels such as kerosine, gasoil and fuel oil also are set to fall again in the next fiscal year.
Very few consumers in Kuwait use diesel or kerosine as the prefer gasoline whose price of about 22 cents a litre was maintained.
The vessels transport jet fuel, diesel, kerosine and petrochemicals, mainly for QP.
As a result, QP and the main partners in Qatargas are having a 146,000 b/d condensate refinery built at Ras Laffan to produce naphtha, diesel, kerosine and LPG from 2008.
Indonesia is South-East Asia's biggest fuel importer, using mostly gasoline, diesel, kerosine and jet fuels.
NNPC is importing about 120,000 b/d of gasoline and kerosine and about 20,000 b/d of crude oils.
1: Fuel Supply aviation type JET-A1 (F-35) to standard DEF STAN 91-91, Turbine Fuel, Kerosine Type, Jet A-1 Issue 7, Amendment 3, the 02/02/2015, by ships tanker for Costier AM deposits Taranto, Porto S.
They have an 11,000 b/d LPG amine sweetening plant, two 46,500 b/d naphtha stabilisation units, and two 52,000 b/d kerosine sweetening units.
The products, sold to Europe, include fuel oil, gasoil and jet kerosine.