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Ket (kĕˈtyə), river, c.845 mi (1,360 km) long, W central Siberian Russia. It rises in central Siberia, just N of Krasnoyarsk, and flows NW and W into the Ob. The Ket is navigable c.410 mi (660 km). It is connected with the Kas (a tributary of the Yenisei) by the Ob-Yenisei canal system.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



(self-designation, Ket, literally “man,” “person”; old name, Eniseian Ostyaks or Eniseians), a people living in the region of the middle and lower course of the Enisei River (Krasnoiarsk Krai, RSFSR). They number 1,200 persons (1970, census). Most of them speak Ket and Russian.

The Ket are descendants of ancient hunting and fishing tribes of the Enisei taiga, who adopted the language and certain cultural traits of southern Siberian Ket-speaking tribes. They became part of the Russian state in the 17th century. They engaged in hunting and fishing; the northern Ket also took up reindeer breeding in the 18th and 19th centuries. In the Soviet period all of the Ket have changed over to a settled way of life and joined together in kolkhozes, where they are engaging in new activities, such as gardening, dairy livestock breeding, and fur farming, in addition to their traditional pursuits.


Dolgikh, B. O. Kety. Irkutsk-Moscow, 1934.
Narody Sibiri. Moscow-Leningrad, 1956.
Alekseenko, E. A. Kety: Istoriko-etnograficheskie ocherki. Leningrad, 1967.



(in its upper course, the Bol’shaia Ket’), a river in the Krasnoiarsk Krai and the Tomsk Oblast, RSFSR. It is a right tributary of the Ob’ River. Length, 1,621 km; basin area, 94,200 sq km.

The Ket’ rises in the swamps of the Ob’-Enisei watershed and flows through the Western Siberian Plain. Above its confluence with the Orlovka River it is very sinuous; below this point it breaks up into numerous streams, which have many sandbars and often dry up during low-water periods. The Ket’ is connected to the Ob’ by two branches—the Togur (below the city of Kolpashevo) and the Narym (which flows along the Ob’ to the populated area of Narym). The mean flow rate at a distance of 236 km from the river’s mouth is approximately 502 cu m per sec. There is a high water period from May through August. The river freezes in late October or early November and thaws in late April or early May.

The principal tributaries of the Ket’ are the Sochur, Orlovka, and Lisitsa from the right and the Malaia Ket’, Mendel’, Elovaia, and Chachamga from the left. The Pikovka and the Paidugina empty into the Narym branch. The Ket’ is navigable as far as the settlement of Ust’-Ozernoe. In the late 19th century the Ob’-Enisei waterway was built, connecting the Lomovataia River (a tributary of the Ket’) with the Enisei through the Kas River. Because the waterway was rarely used, it was closed in 1917.



(also called Enisei-Ostyak), the last surviving representative of the Eniseian language family, which, according to the evidence of hydronymics, had previously spread as far as the southern part of Western Siberia.

Ket belongs to the Ket-Pumpokol’ subgroup, which differs from the extinct southern Arin-Assan-Kott subgroup that is known from 18th- and 19th-century records. It is spoken by about 900 persons (1970, census) in Turukhan and Baikit raions, Krasnoiarsk Krai, RSFSR. The two main dialects, Imbat (northern) and Sym, or lug (spoken by fewer than ten persons), have diverged so greatly that they can be regarded as different languages.

Ket phonology is characterized by the typologically rare combination of a hard-soft consonant opposition and tonal differences (up to five tones in various subdialects). The noun has a basic case form (subject and direct object) and a system of secondarily developed cases with spatial meanings. In nouns a distinction is made between an inanimate class and the animate classes (masculine and feminine). Most grammatical meanings are conveyed in the verb by means of prefixes and infixes (sometimes suffixes); incorporation is widely developed. A writing system for Ket was developed in 1934 by the Soviet scholar N. K. Karger.


Dul’zon, A. P. Ketskii iazyk. Tomsk, 1968.
Kreinovich, E. A. “Ketskii iazyk.” In the collection Iazyki narodov SSSR, vol. 5. Leningrad, 1968.
Kreinovich, E. A. Glagol ketskogo iazyka. Leningrad, 1968.
Toporov, V. N. “Bibliografiia po ketskomu iazyku.” In Ketskii sbornik. Moscow, 1969.
Castrén, M. A. Versuch einer jenissei-ostjakischen und kottischen Sprachlehre nebst Wörterverzeichnissen aus den genannten Sprachen. St. Petersburg, 1858.


The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
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As part of the refurbishment, KonAar KET, as consortium leader, will undertake replacing part of the equipment in the external 110 kV switchgear, the delivery of new 110 kV and 20 kV relay protection HPPas control systems, excitation and turbine control systems for generation units 3 and 4, and a control system of the pre-turbine inlet valves on generation units 3 and 4, as well as a full replacement of generation unit 2 with the accompanying systems, and the installation of a new system for power metering.
Abdul Rahman Al Tweijary said that the CMA is working to pro- vide means of new investments and financing channels, that is why it de- cided to establish a financial market for exchange of Sukuk and other se- curities in the Kingdom so that it may become the second organized mar- ket for financial paper after the stock market.
Unfortunately, Castren himself never published any concrete examples to support his assumption of Ket influence on Forest Enets.
The KET Web site,, has basic instructions for students on how to conduct an oral history interview, suggested questions, a bibliography on Kentucky African-American history, short biographies of the video narrators, and an excellent civil rights time line integrating national and Kentucky events.
Data from high risk sentinel sites in some urban and border areas cannot be generalized to represent the whole country,'' Ket Sein said at the opening ceremony of the 54th session of the WHO Southeast Asia Regional Committee.
To give an idea of the quality of Ket parton, one could perhaps quote the single five-line poem in the book, number 92, which, because of its length, has a central importance for the whole cycle: "While we imagine God, loneliness is not complete, / and while my lungs remember His breath / even death can be a soft bed, / and nothingness: redemption; but without these / both past and future are sheer futility" (my translation).
10 Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, compared the Yeniseian language family--which today consists only of Ket, a language spoken in central Siberia--to the Na-Dene family, which includes several languages spoken mainly in western Canada and Alaska.
Topics discussed include competition, mergers and acquisitions, and the development of customer demand; and a number of companies are identified that are considered well positioned to succeed in the current mar ket. Companies mentioned include Northern States Power (NSP), Texas Utilities (T XU), Illinova (ILN), DQE (DQE), DTE Energy (DTE), Carolina Power & Light (CPL), C alEnergy (CE), General Motors (GM), National Steel (NS), AES Corp.
KET has, for example, developed a weekly series of televised 90-minute seminars aimed at professional development.
Deputy Prime Minister and Minister of Foreign Affairs and International Cooperation Prak Sokhonn met with newly appointed Italian Ambassador to Cambodia Lorenzo Galanti on Monday, with the pair pledging improved cooperation between the two countries, according to ministry spokesman Ket Sophan.
Spanish striker Bienvenido Maranon delivered another hat trick as Ceres Negros rolled past Boeung Ket, 4-0, last Wednesday night to edge closer to the knockout stage of the 2018 AFC Cup.